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What influences the implementation process of innovation adopters and how can private intermediaries contribute?: The case of renewable energy technologies
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project Innovations and Entrepreneurship. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2013 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Renewable energy technologies (RE) are a condition to reach the system change required for a sustainable society. During the last decade, many policies have been developed in order to encourage the creation and the spreading of these innovations. The problem is that policies focus on quantity goals and do not monitor the quality of those innovations from a system perspective. Meanwhile, policies attract innovation-adopters who lack knowledge and experience about the innovation that they adopt. The risk of a low implementation quality is therefore high among innovation-adopters and supporting them is crucial. Based on the example of the implementation of wind power in Sweden, our aim is therefore to understand the implementation process by studying the factors that affect the implementation choices of 15 innovation-adopters, which we illustrate through 5 cases. In a second time, we study the potential role that private intermediaries have to play in this process, by looking at the cases of three wind project developers. We found that innovation-adopters are influenced by norms and values, knowledge and experience, resources, organizational structure and the local context where the innovation is implemented, during the implementation process. Some of these influences affect the implementation positively, whereas other result in choices leading to a lower quality of the implementation. Likewise, we found that private intermediaries can help filling in a number of the gaps that were affecting innovation-adopters in their implementation process, by taking the roles of knowledge experts, mediators, market integrators and implementation substitutes. Despite a number of unsolved implementation problems, we can see that private intermediaries contribute in better implementations of RE innovations and we end our paper with some policy recommendations to increase the implementation quality of RE-innovations.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
National Category
Engineering and Technology Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-103255OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-103255DiVA: diva2:688336
Conference
ETH PhD Academy on Sustainability and Technology 2013, Adressing Ecological Sustainability: A Matter of Stakeholder Management and Competitiveness, June 2nd-7th, 2013, Zurich, Switzer land
Available from: 2014-01-16 Created: 2014-01-16 Last updated: 2016-09-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Entering renewable electricity production: An actor perspective
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Entering renewable electricity production: An actor perspective
2014 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Although energy transition is considered one of the main challenges of our time, little attention has traditionally been paid to the actors participating in this transition, such as the producers of renewable electricity. Previous energy policy literature and policy- makers have assumed that these producers are incumbent actors of the current energy system, that is to say, large utilities producing both renewable and fossil-fueled electricity. In reality, new types of producers are entering the renewable electricity production market, without much (if any) previous experience in that industry.

This Licentiate thesis studies the new entrants of renewable electricity production in order to identify their motives, their responses to policies, and their ways of implementing their projects. This is conducted through the analysis of 37 cases of new entrants in Sweden. A theoretical background, a complete description of the methods, and an overall presentation of the findings are presented in the first part of the thesis, and in the second part of the thesis, four scientific papers studying the new entrants of renewable electricity production from complementary theoretical approaches are presented.

Results show that the new entrant group is heterogeneous in several ways. They have different motives, they are affected by different drivers and pressures, and they are faced with different challenges during their entry processes. Despite that, their share of investments represents the majority of those currently being made in renewable electricity production in Sweden. Based on these results, policy implications are drawn and, in particular, the need for policy-makers and energy policy literature to acknowledge the particularities of the new entrants is highlighted.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2014. 70 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1638
Keyword
Renewable electricity production, new entrants, energy transition, energy policy, innovation, entrepreneurship, institutional theory, innovation-­adoption, implementation
National Category
Engineering and Technology Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-103319 (URN)10.3384/lic.diva-103319 (DOI)LiU-­‐TEK-­‐LIC 2013:172 (Local ID)978-­91-­7519-­435-­6 (print) (ISBN)LiU-­‐TEK-­‐LIC 2013:172 (Archive number)LiU-­‐TEK-­‐LIC 2013:172 (OAI)
Presentation
2014-01-17, ACAS, A-huset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-01-16 Created: 2014-01-16 Last updated: 2016-09-06Bibliographically approved

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