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Harvesting piezoelectric potential from zinc oxide nanoflowers grown on textile fabric substrate
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Physics and Electronics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
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2013 (English)In: Physica Status Solidi. Rapid Research Letters, ISSN 1862-6254, E-ISSN 1862-6270, Vol. 7, no 11, 980-984 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

ZnO nanoflowers were synthesized on conductive flexible textile fabric substrate by using the simple low-temperature aqueous chemical growth method and were used for piezoelectric energy harvesting source. Structural characterization of ZnO nanoflowers was carried out by using surface scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction. The ZnO nanoflowers are uniformly grown over the entire sample. They are composed of needle-like nanorods, which have hexagonal wurtzite structure with good crystalline quality. The current-voltage characteristics showed good rectifying Schottky behaviour. Contact-mode atomic force microscopy was used for measuring the piezoelectric output potential. The maximum output potential was found to be more than 600 mV and the corresponding current also recorded was near approximate to 650 nA.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-VCH Verlag , 2013. Vol. 7, no 11, 980-984 p.
Keyword [en]
textiles; aqueous chemical growth; ZnO; nanoflowers; energy harvesting; piezoelectric properties
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-103308DOI: 10.1002/pssr.201308105ISI: 000328321700011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-103308DiVA: diva2:688356
Available from: 2014-01-16 Created: 2014-01-16 Last updated: 2017-12-06
In thesis
1. Analysis of the piezoelectric and current transport properties of zinc oxide nanostructures grown on fiber
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Analysis of the piezoelectric and current transport properties of zinc oxide nanostructures grown on fiber
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

It seems that nowadays the world is becoming as a small village due to the advancement in communication devices technology. These devices are playing an important role in the wellbeing of our life as almost each and every person is utilizing at least one of these devices. These devices consume energy and with our increased use of technology, we are faced  with energy crises. Therefore, the research community is keen in trying to explore alternative resources. One possibility is to search for the alternative resources from our environment. The attempt in this thesis was to utilize the piezoelectric properties by harvesting electrical energy from nanostructures. By utilizing the piezoelectric property of some materials, mechanical energy can be harvested as electrical output. It is worth mention that the ambient mechanical energy is the most available source of energy around us. Hence it is of interest to utilize it to develop future smart devices having the self-powered property. In this connection various experimental and mathematical techniques have been utilized for achieving this target.

In this thesis zinc oxide (ZnO) nanostructures grown on textile substrates were the material. The use of textile as substrate is quite unique property of the presented work. Since textile is an essential and fundamental component of our everyday lives, therefore the use of textile as substrate can pave the way for the fabrication of novel self-powered devices. As in comparison with conventional and expensive substrates textile is very economical, lightweight, highly flexible, recyclable, reproducible, disposable, wearable and washable.

I started my research work by integrating ZnO nanorods based nanogenerator on conductive textile fiber for the analysis of piezoelectric properties of ZnO nanorods. The acceptance of my work among the research community encouraged me to continue with it in order to improve the performance of the fabricated device. It is well known that piezoelectricity is a linear electromechanical coupling of the material in which mechanical energy is converted into electrical energy. Therefore, the piezoelectric properties of ZnO nanorods were investigated with regard to different physical parameters. In the electromechanical phenomena the analysis of the direct and the converse piezoelectric effect is also critical if conductive textile is used as a substrate. Therefore analysis of the direct and the converse piezoelectric effect was performed for ZnO nanowires grown on conductive textile fiber by using the nanoindentation method.

Since the morphology of ZnO nanostructures can have an influence on the piezoelectric properties, the energy harvesting properties of ZnO nanoflowers were investigated and the achieved results confirmed that morphology has a strong influence on the piezoelectric properties. In addition, since there is an interest to generate a direct current (DC) piezoelectricity, a Schottky junction fabricated to one side of the nanogenerator material is needed. Therefore, ZnO nanorods based Schottky diode (Cu/ZnO) on textile fabric was fabricated and investigated. Moreover, frequency dependence electrical characterization was performed for analysis of current-transport properties of another Schottky diode (Au/ZnO) for understanding the carrier flow at the interface of the metal-semiconductor. Nevertheless, the consistency and stability of the constructed devices (ZnO nanogenerators and Schottky diodes) need some additional work to overcome these problems to achieve commercial realization of these devices in the future.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2014. 140 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1622
Keyword
Aqueous chemical growth method; Zinc Oxide nanostructures; Textile fabric; Mechanical and Piezoelectric properties; Current-transport properties of Schottky diodes
National Category
Physical Sciences Nano Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-110894 (URN)978-91-7519-234-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-10-29, K3, Kåkenhus, Campus Norrköping, Linköpings universitet, Norrköping, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-09-26 Created: 2014-09-26 Last updated: 2014-09-26Bibliographically approved

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Khan, AzamAbbasi, Mazhar AliNur, OmerWillander, Magnus

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