Lysosomal exocytosis and caspase-8-mediated apoptosis in UVA-irradiated keratinocytes
2013 (English)In: Journal of Cell Science, ISSN 0021-9533, E-ISSN 1477-9137, Vol. 126, no 24, 5578-5584 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Ultraviolet (UV) irradiation is a major environmental carcinogen involved in the development of skin cancer. To elucidate the initial signaling during UV-induced damage in human keratinocytes, we investigated lysosomal exocytosis and apoptosis induction. UVA, but not UVB, induced plasma membrane damage, which was repaired by Ca2+-dependent lysosomal exocytosis. The lysosomal exocytosis resulted in extracellular release of cathepsin D and acid sphingomyelinase (aSMase). Two hours after UVA irradiation, we detected activation of caspase-8, which was reduced by addition of anti-aSMAse. Furthermore, caspase-8 activation and apoptosis was reduced by prevention of endocytosis and by the use of cathepsin inhibitors. We conclude that lysosomal exocytosis is part of the keratinocyte response to UVA and is followed by cathepsin-dependent activation of caspase-8. The findings have implications for the understanding of UV-induced skin damage and emphasize that UVA and UVB initiate apoptosis through different signaling pathways in keratinocytes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Company of Biologists , 2013. Vol. 126, no 24, 5578-5584 p.
Keratinocyte; UV irradiation; Lysosome; Cathepsin; Endocytosis; Apoptosis
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-103290DOI: 10.1242/jcs.130633ISI: 000328686600005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-103290DiVA: diva2:688496