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Benchmark of RELAP5 Check Valve Models against Experimental Data
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Applied Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The use of check valves in the nuclear industry is of great importance from a safety precaution point ofview (McElhaney, 1995). Choosing check valves for these high-pressurized systems comes with agreat challenge. The valves causes what is called check valve slams when closing, leading to a hugepressure wave traveling through the system. To prevent this from happening calculations have to bedone to see what kind of forces are generated during a check valve slam. When the forces are known itis easier designing systems that will endure these slams. A commonly used software in the nuclearindustry is RELAP5 (Reactor Excursion and Leak Analysis Program), its main purpose is to calculatetransients in piping systems. This program can also be used when calculating a check valve slam. Buthow precise is the code compared to the real event?

By doing an experiment measuring pressures created by swing check valves during slams, the codewas compared to real data and analyzed to decide what was of importance when modeling for thesetypes of simulations.

The RELAP5 code was not initially designed to calculate transients during a check valve slam. This isclearly shown when the code overestimates the pressure waves in the system when using themanufacturer data for the check valve model. Matching the data from the simulations in RELAP5 withthe data recorded from the experiment is not easy. The parameters used for this have no connection tothe specifications for the check valve, which means that transients are hard to estimate withoutexperimental data.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 113 p.
Keyword [en]
RELAP5, check valve slam, steam bubble collapse, experimental data, Benchmark, inertia check valve, pressure wave, closing time, reactor safety
National Category
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-103609ISRN: LIU-IEI-TEK-G--13/00556—SEOAI: diva2:689532
External cooperation
Fauske & Associates, LLC
Subject / course
Fluid and Mechanical Engineering Systems
Available from: 2014-01-24 Created: 2014-01-21 Last updated: 2014-01-24Bibliographically approved

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Applied Thermodynamics and Fluid MechanicsThe Institute of Technology
Fluid Mechanics and Acoustics

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