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Organizational separation of technologically uncertain NPD projects involving suppliers
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Business Administration. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Project management, Innovations and Entrepreneurship . Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5427-3560
2014 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Increasingly, firms are searching for new technologies from suppliers outside firm boundaries through collaborative new product development (NPD). In these situations, it is not clear how firms rely on and achieve complementarity of relational and transactional governance mechanisms. Based on study of technologically uncertain NPD projects, it is determined that organizational separation is used as a way to achieve this complementarity. The findings stress that although transactional and relational governance are considered as complementary mechanisms, they are implemented in separate, but parallel processes in order to avoid potential counteracting effects of simultaneous use. The findings show that under circumstances of technological uncertainty, R&D engineers fulfil an important role in relational governance, while purchasing fulfils transactional governance tasks and is placed outside the NPD project.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [en]
New Product Development; Uncertainty; Governance; Purchasing; Supplier Management; Asset specificity
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-103937OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-103937DiVA: diva2:693239
Available from: 2014-02-04 Created: 2014-02-04 Last updated: 2015-03-04Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Supplier Involvement in New Product Development under Technological Uncertainty
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Supplier Involvement in New Product Development under Technological Uncertainty
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis addresses the challenges that firms are faced with when collaborating with suppliers in new product development (NPD) projects under technological uncertainty. A critical observation that is made in this context is that technologies are evolving faster, making products more complex. At the same time, firms become more specialized. Due to increased complexity and specialization, firms do not possess all the necessary technologies in-house and therefore need to collaborate with external organisations to incorporate new technology into their products. Common collaborators are suppliers who become integrated into the buying firm’s NPD project. However, finding suppliers and collaborating with suppliers in NPD can be problematic. In addition, external collaborations also impact the buying firm internally, since it often needs to coordinate its departments. The purpose of this thesis is to explore supplier involvement in NPD under technological uncertainty. Challenges in supplier selection are concerned with the issues of involving new suppliers or relying on old acquaintances, managing uncertainties, the dilemma of whether to commit to long-term relationships or to maintain flexibility, and deciding on which department that is responsible for evaluating and selecting the supplier. The present study of buyers and suppliers in NPD, shows the challenges that are involved in balancing control, reaching goal alignment, and managing transactional and relational governance. Internal challenges investigate the coordination between the R&D department and purchasing in NPD projects where suppliers are involved. The present findings may be of value for firms who engage in collaborative NPD, or for firms who aim to involve suppliers in their development of new products.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2014. 102 + Appendices p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1568
Keyword
New product development, supplier involvement, collaborative R&D, technological uncertainty, supplier selection, buyer-supplier collaboration, coordination, R&D, purchasing, project
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-103943 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-103943 (DOI)978-91-7519-416-5 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-03-07, ACAS, A-huset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-02-04 Created: 2014-02-04 Last updated: 2014-02-04Bibliographically approved

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Melander, LisaLakemond, Nicolette

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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