In recent decades, the sustainable development of human settlements has emerged as a critical challenge. Urban sustainability has become a popular and widely-used term, reflecting the concept’s importance and relevance. This study presents a critical review of articles discussing urban sustainability published during 2011-2012.The study is exploratory and aims to stimulate discussion by examining the themes and content of recent articles to consider how the concept of urban sustainability is framed and used by scholars from different disciplines. The study provides insights into both the “real-world” practice of urban sustainability, as observed and reported by academics, and the academic practice of studying urban sustainability.The study proceeds as follows: a short Introduction presents background information motivating the study. Subsequently, the Method used to conduct the study is described, along with possible Limitations. The Results of the study follow. These illustrate the increasing number of articles discussing urban sustainability and present an overview of the approaches and analytical tools used by authors, along with (in general terms) the themes and topics addressed in their studies.The Results are followed by deeper Analysis of the texts and their contents, structured around four themes which emerge from the literature review. Following the Analysis, a Discussion reflects upon its findings and offers insights into the potential for future contributions that may enhance the study of urban sustainability, with particular reference to urban sustainability governance and the study of organizational aspects, processes and levels of participation. Specific research needs are summarised in the Conclusions.