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Epigenetic changes during hematopoietic cell granulocytic differentiation - comparative analysis of primary CD34+cells, KG1 myeloid cells and mature neutrophils
Vilnius University, Lithuania Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania .
Vilnius University, Lithuania .
Vilnius University, Lithuania .
Vilnius University, Lithuania .
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2014 (English)In: BMC Cell Biology, ISSN 1471-2121, Vol. 15, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Epigenetic regulation is known to affect gene expression, and recent research shows that aberrant DNA methylation patterning and histone modifications may play a role in leukemogenesis. In order to highlight the co-operation of epigenetic mechanisms acting during the latter process it is important to clarify their potential as biomarkers of granulocytic differentiation. Results: In this study we investigated epigenetic alterations in human hematopoietic cells at a distinct differentiation stages: primary hematopoietic CD34+ cells, KG1 myeloid leukemic cells, whose development is stopped at early stage of differentiation, and mature neutrophils. We focused on the epigenetic status of cell cycle regulating (p15, p16) and differentiation related (E-cadherin and RAR beta) genes. We found that the methylation level in promoter regions of some of these genes was considerably higher in KG1 cells and lower in CD34+ cells and human neutrophils. As examined and evaluated by computer-assisted methods, histone H3 and H4 modifications, i.e. H3K4Me3, H3K9Ac, H3K9Ac/S10Ph and H4 hyperAc, were similar in CD34+ cells and human mature neutrophils. By contrast, in the KG1 cells, histone H3 and H4 modifications were quite high and increased after induction of granulocytic differentiation with the HDAC inhibitor phenyl butyrate. Conclusions: We found the methylation status of the examined gene promoters and histone modifications to be characteristically associated with the hematopoietic cell progenitor state, induced to differentiate myeloid KG1 cells and normal blood neutrophils. This could be achieved through epigenetic regulation of E-cadherin, p15, p16 and RAR beta genes expression caused by DNA methylation/demethylation, core and linker histones distribution in stem hematopoietic cells, induced to differentiation KG1 cells and mature human neutrophils, as well as the histone modifications H3K4Me3, H3K9Ac, H3K9Ac/S10Ph and H4 hyperAc in relation to hematopoietic cell differentiation to granulocyte. These findings also suggest them as potentially important biomarkers of hematopoietic cell granulocytic differentiation and could be valuable for leukemia induced differentiation therapy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central , 2014. Vol. 15, no 4
Keyword [en]
CD34+cells; Neutrophils; KG1 cells; Histones; Gene methylation/demethylation
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-104289DOI: 10.1186/1471-2121-15-4ISI: 000330065200001OAI: diva2:697187
Available from: 2014-02-17 Created: 2014-02-14 Last updated: 2014-02-26

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Magnusson, Karl-Eric
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Division of Microbiology and Molecular MedicineFaculty of Health Sciences
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