Insulin signaling dynamics in human adipocytes: Mathematical modeling reveals mechanisms of insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Type 2 diabetes is characterized by raised blood glucose levels caused by an insufficient insulin control of glucose homeostasis. This lack of control is expressed both through insufficient release of insulin by the pancreatic beta-cells, and through insulin resistance in the insulin-responding tissues. We find insulin resistance of the adipose tissue particularly interesting since it appears to influence other insulin-responding tissues, such as muscle and liver, to also become insulin resistant.
The insulin signaling network is highly complex with cross-interacting intermediaries, positive and negative feedbacks, etc. To facilitate the mechanistic understanding of this network, we obtain dynamic, information-rich data and use model-based analysis as a tool to formally test different hypotheses that arise from the experimental observations. With dynamic mathematical models, we are able to combine knowledge and experimental data into mechanistic hypotheses, and draw conclusions such as rejection of hypotheses and prediction of outcomes of new experiments.
We aim for an increased understanding of adipocyte insulin signaling and the underlying mechanisms of the insulin resistance that we observe in adipocytes from subjects diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. We also aim for a complete picture of the insulin signaling network in primary human adipocytes from normal and diabetic subjects with a link to relevant clinical parameters: plasma glucose and insulin. Such a complete picture of insulin signaling has not been presented before. Not for adipocytes and not for other types of cells.
In this thesis, I present the development of the first comprehensive insulin signaling model that can simulate both normal and diabetic data from adipocytes – and that is linked to a whole-body glucose-insulin model. In the linking process we conclude that at least two glucose uptake parameters differ between the in vivo and in vitro conditions (Paper I). We also perform a model analysis of the early insulin signaling dynamics in rat adipocytes and conclude that internalization is important for an apparent reversed order of phosphorylation seen in these cells (Paper II). In the development of the first version of the comprehensive insulin signaling model, we introduce a key parameter for the diabetic state – an attenuated feedback (Paper III). We finally continue to build on the comprehensive model and include signaling to nuclear transcription via ERK and report substantial crosstalk in the insulin signaling network (Paper IV).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2014. , 67 p.
Linköping University Medical Dissertations, ISSN 0345-0082 ; 1389
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-104725DOI: 10.3384/diss.diva-104725ISBN: 978-91-7519-430-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-104725DiVA: diva2:698675
2014-03-28, Eken, Campus US, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 09:00 (English)
De Meyts, Pierre, Professor
Strålfors, Peter, ProfessorCedersund, Gunnar, Dr.
List of papers