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An Epidemiological Study of ADHD, Substance Use, and Comorbid Problems in Incarcerated Women in Sweden
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2012 (English)In: Journal of Attention Disorders, ISSN 1087-0547Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of ADHD and psychiatric comorbidity, including substance use in incarcerated women. Method: This was a cross-sectional study, consisting of two parts: (a) screening using the ADHD Self-Rating Scale (ASRS) and (b) diagnostic assessment using a structured interview. Results: A sample of 96 incarcerated women was screened and 56 underwent the diagnostic assessment. Twenty-nine percent of the women met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.) diagnostic criteria for adult ADHD in the diagnostic assessment. Forty-four of the women had misuse of alcohol, and 83% had misuse of narcotics the year prior to the incarceration. The ASRS showed sensitivity of 1.0 and specificity of 0.66. Conclusion: The prevalence rate of ADHD in incarcerated women was high and comparable to that in male offenders. Illicit stimulant use and antisocial personality disorder were significantly more common in women with ADHD. ASRS is useful as a screener in this population. (J. of Att. Dis. 2012; XX(X) 1-XX).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2012.
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Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-104744DOI: 10.1177/1087054712451126ISI: 000346654500006PubMedID: 22797213OAI: diva2:698728
Available from: 2014-02-25 Created: 2014-02-25 Last updated: 2015-01-30

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Philips, Bjorn
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