Land-use change emissions embodied in exports of agricultural forest-risk commodities from Brazil and Indonesia
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Commercial agriculture producing for international markets is increasingly important in driving tropical deforestation and global land‐use change. The geographic separation of consumption and production locations through international trade creates distant links and feedback effects that can induce land clearing in some locations. Such indirect linkages, or teleconnections, are difficult to quantify in general, and particularly in the case of emissions from land‐use change. In this paper we quantify carbon emissions from land‐use changes arising from the expansion of agricultural production of soy and beef in Brazil and oil palm plantations in Indonesia, and trace export flows of these commodities to the consumer countries. We find a steady increase of emissions embodied in exports of both countries since 1990, indicating that export production is gaining importance as a driver of land clearing. In 2010, total emissions embodied in exports reached 89 MtCO2 for Brazil and 118 MtCO2 for Indonesia. The main consuming countries included the EU as main importer of all three commodities since the 1990s, and since the 2000s exports to emerging economies have been rising; mainly of soy to China; beef to Russia and China; and palm oil to India and Malaysia. Results advance the understanding of deforestation teleconnections and can contribute to the design of forest conservation policies or demand‐side policies that address global demand and consumption levels of forest‐risk commodities.
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Climate Research
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-104783OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-104783DiVA: diva2:699023