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Head and Neck Injuries in Professional Soccer
Football Research Group, Linköping, Sweden and Ängelholm Hospital, Sweden .
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Physiotherapy. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6883-1471
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Social Medicine and Public Health Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2013 (English)In: Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 1050-642X, E-ISSN 1536-3724, Vol. 23, no 4, 255-260 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: To investigate the rate of and risk factors for head and neck injury in male soccer.

Design: Prospective cohort study.

Setting: Professional soccer.

Participants: Twenty-six European teams between 2001/2002 and 2009/2010.

Assessment of Risk Factors: Simple and multiple risk factor analyses were evaluated using Cox regression for player-related variables and logistic regression for match-related variables.

Main Outcome Measures: Injury rate (number of time loss injuries per 1000 hours).

Results: A total of 136 head and neck injuries were recorded (2.2% of all injuries). The head and neck injury rate was 0.17 (0.06 concussions) per 1000 hours. There was a 20-fold higher rate of head and neck injury during match play compared with training (rate ratio [RR], 20.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 13.3-30.6) and a 78-fold higher rate of concussions (RR, 78.5; 95% CI, 24.4-252.5). Mean layoff for concussion was 10.5 days, but 27% of the concussed players returned to play within 5 days. Defender was the only significant player-related risk factor for head and neck injuries in the multiple analysis (RR, 1.8; 95% CI, 1.0-3.1), whereas no significant variables were identified for concussions.

Conclusions: Head and neck injuries were relatively uncommon in professional soccer. Defender was the playing position most at risk. More than one-quarter of the concussed players returned to play before what is recommended in the consensus statements by the major sports governing bodies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2013. Vol. 23, no 4, 255-260 p.
Keyword [en]
concussion; football; injury incidence; risk factor
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-104851DOI: 10.1097/JSM.0b013e31827ee6f8ISI: 000330366700002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-104851DiVA: diva2:699594
Available from: 2014-02-28 Created: 2014-02-28 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Hägglund, MartinEkstrand, JanWaldén, Markus

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