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Processreliabilistiska rättfärdigande som funktionalistiska förlopp: Är generalitetsproblemet ett frameproblem?
Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Department of Culture and Communication, Arts and Humanities.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Först presenteras metafysisk funktionalism. En Ramseysats för smärta spelar en central roll som en implicit definition av ett mentalt tillstånd över sensorisk input och beteendemässig output. Därefter presenteras reliabilismen som en teori om kunskap. Några allmänna kunskapsteoretiska problem, samt några av reliabilismens problem presenteras. De mest relevanta problem är följande: fallet med en elak demon, klärvoajans samt Mr. Truetemp, och generalitetsproblemet. En formell och schematisk presentation ges för reliabilism som en teori för kunskap, eller möjligen tillskrivande av kunskap, och processreliabilism som en teori för epistemiskt rättfärdigande. Därefter exponeras strukturella likheter mellan funktionalism och processreliabilism. Det får anses plausibelt att det råder ett nära släktskap mellan dessa teorier då Ramseysatser för rättfärdigade trosföreställningar presenteras. Dessa analyseras sedan utifrån möjliga fall. Med ny teoretisk bakgrund prövas reliabilismens problem ånyo inom ett funktionalistisk ramverk. Nya sätt att bemöta problemen presenteras genom en analys av det Kinesiska Rummet. Det svårlösta generalitetsproblemet kan ses som ett frameproblem och hanteras med hjälp av enveloping.

Abstract [en]

Firstly, a presentation of metaphysical functionalism. A Ramsey sentence plays a central role as an implicit definition of a mental state over sensory input and behavouristic output. A presentation of reliabilism as a theory of knowledge. A summary of some general epistemological problems and some specific to reliabilism; the main ones are the evil demon, clairvoyance and Mr. Truetemp, and the generality problem. A formal and schematic presentation of reliabilism as a theory of knowlege, or possibly knowlege attribution, and process reliabilism as a theory of belief justification. Structural similarities between functionalism and process reliabilism are exposed. A close kinship between these two theories seems plausible because of the possibility to present Ramsey sentences for justified beliefs. These Ramsey sentences are then analysed over possible cases. This new theoretical background, warrents another look at problems for reliabilism. New ways to counter these problems are presented via an analysis of the Chinese Room. The elusive genrality problem is seen as a frame problem and treated using enveloping.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 41 p.
Keyword [en]
Epistemology, reliabilism, process reliabilism, metaphysical functionalism, Ramsey sentence, epistemic justification, evil demon, clairvoyance, Mr. Truetemp, generality problem, the Chinese Room, frame problem, enveloping.
Keyword [sv]
Epistemologi, reliabilism, processreliabilism, metafysisk funktionalism, Ramseysats, epistemiskt rättfärdigande, elak demon, klärvoajans, Mr. Truetemp, generalitetsproblem, det Kinesiska Rummet, frameproblem, enveloping.
National Category
Philosophy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-104323ISRN: LIU-IKK/TF-A-13/001--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-104323DiVA: diva2:699874
Subject / course
Theoretical Philosophy
Examiners
Available from: 2014-03-05 Created: 2014-02-16 Last updated: 2014-03-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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Output format
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