Fabrication of ZnO nanodisks from structural transformation of ZnO nanorods through natural oxidation and their emission characteristics
2014 (English)In: Ceramics International, ISSN 0272-8842, E-ISSN 1873-3956, Vol. 40, no 1, 2435-2439 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
An environmentally benign natural oxidation based synthetic technique has been developed to grow and transform the ZnO nanorods into nanodisks at a very mild temperature of 55 degrees C with excellent features of its novelty and reproducibility. Metallic zinc foil and formamide solution have been utilized as substrate and reacting solution, respectively, for the growth of ZnO nanostructures. The optimized values of temperature, concentration of formamide and the reaction time are achieved to obtain the controlled and desired nanoscale morphologies. Detailed mechanism of the structural transformation of the nanorods into nanodisks has been discussed. Strong ultraviolet emission peak along with the much weaker deep level defects related emission has been realized in the microphotoluminescence spectrum. A visible red-shift and decrease in the intensity of ultraviolet peak are observed with increasing range of temperature from 20 to 300 K.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2014. Vol. 40, no 1, 2435-2439 p.
Zinc oxide; Formamide; Natural oxidation; Nanodisks; Emission characteristics
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105038DOI: 10.1016/j.ceramint.2013.08.017ISI: 000330820600151OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-105038DiVA: diva2:703374