Tonsillotomy versus tonsillectomy--a randomized trial regarding dentofacial morphology and post-operative growth in children with tonsillar hypertrophy
2014 (English)In: European Journal of Orthodontics, ISSN 0141-5387, E-ISSN 1460-2210, Vol. 36, no 4, 471-478 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objectives:The primary aim of this study was to analyse two different methods of tonsil surgery, tonsillectomy (TE) and tonsillotomy (TT), regarding post-operative dentofacial growth in children with tonsillar hypertrophy. A secondary aim was to analyse these results in relation to cephalometric standards.Material and methods:The study group consisted of 64 subjects (39 boys and 25 girls), mean age 4.8 years ± 4 months. They were randomized to a complete removal of the pharyngeal tonsil, TE, (n = 31) or a partial removal, TT, (n = 33). Pre-operative and 2 years post-operative study material were obtained and analysed. The results were compared with cephalometric standards.Results:Pre-operative, children with hypertrophic tonsils displayed an increased vertical relation (P < 0.05) compared with cephalometric standards. Post-operative, no significant difference could be detected between the two surgical procedures regarding dentofacial growth. Mandibular growth with an anterior inclination was significant (P < 0.001/TE, P < 0.01/TT) for both groups. An increased upper and lower incisor inclination was noted (P < 0.01/TE,TT). The vertical relation decreased (P < 0.001/TE, P < 0.05/TT) as well as the mandibular angle (P < 0.01/TE, P < 0.001/TT). Reduction was also significant for the sagittal intermaxillar (P < 0.001/TE,TT) relation. These post-operative results, together with a more prognatic mandible (P < 0.05/TE,TT) and chin (P < 0.001/TE, P < 0.01/TT), might indicate a more horizontal direction of mandibular growth.Conclusion:TE and TT yielded equal post-operative dentofacial growth in children treated for hypertrophic tonsils. This result should be considered when deciding upon surgical technique.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2014. Vol. 36, no 4, 471-478 p.
Clinical Medicine Dentistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105071DOI: 10.1093/ejo/cjt082ISI: 000343323800017PubMedID: 24253034OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-105071DiVA: diva2:703426