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Effects from gender mainstreaming
Linköping University, The Tema Institute, The Department of Gender Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
SCORE, Stockholms universitet.
2013 (English)In: Capturing effects: of projects and programmes / [ed] Lennart Svensson, Göran Brulin, Sven Jansson and Karin Sjöberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 1, 199-219 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

An important issue in recent years in the gender equality field deals with effects produced by gender equality initiatives. Reports of difficulties such as resistance, obstacles and a lack of resources are common and have occurred for as long as gender equality work has been carried out. Other difficulties which have been highlighted are how gender equality work runs the risk of being reduced to technocratic methods rather than dealing with the content of policies applied (Squires 2007, Walby 2009, Rönnblom 2011). Another related discussion, has dealt with the fact that gender equality initiatives are often runas short-term projects in which good results can be achieved, but where the work ceases when funds run out, thereby limiting the scope for long-term effects (Lindholm 2011). Research hasat the same time shown that gender equality from an historical perspective has brought great progress in many areas of society (Hearn 2012, Walby 2009). This appears to be something of a paradox. Does gender equality development take place parallel with - or in spite of gender equality work? Or is there something in gender equality initiatives that we are unable to capture? In this chapter, on the basis of studies of practical work with gender equality, we wish to present and analyse attempts to solve the complex social problem that gender inequality represents.

The aim of this chapter is to deepen the reasoning concerning the question of what results and effects we can see from gender equality initiatives, what we cannot see, and the reasons for this. We take as our starting point a study of the work on following up results and effects from gender mainstreaming in an initiative on gender mainstreaming in Swedish municipalities and county councils. Can there be results and effects from gender mainstreaming which are not known, or which co-workers do not understand the importance of the so-called surprising and unexpected effects? We also want to study whether undesired results and effects take place, and how these can be managed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, 1. 199-219 p.
Keyword [en]
Project management
Keyword [sv]
National Category
Gender Studies
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105203ISBN: 978-9-14409-300-0OAI: diva2:704576
Available from: 2014-03-12 Created: 2014-03-12 Last updated: 2014-06-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Making equality work: Ambiguities, conflicts and change agents in the implementation of equality policies in public sector organisations
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Making equality work: Ambiguities, conflicts and change agents in the implementation of equality policies in public sector organisations
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The overall aim of this study is to contribute to knowledge about the implementation of equality policies in public sector organisations. This is achieved through the development of a theoretical framework of feminist implementation studies. It involves the study of influential factors that impact upon the implementation process, with the aim of contributing to an understanding of the outcome of implementation processes within the equality policy field. The methodology used is based on qualitative case study research combined with a meta-analysis that allows for comparisons across cases. Four initiatives in the implementation of gender mainstreaming strategy were studied in different contexts, namely, two local municipalities and one government agency in Sweden. The main questions asked are: How was gender mainstreaming implemented? What were the main factors influencing the implementation process and why? What was the impact of change actors working to implement gender mainstreaming? The case studies were conducted using an interactive research approach where the different dilemmas encountered by the gender mainstreaming practitioners are used as a starting point for developing a joint learning process. The thesis comprises an introduction and five published papers. The main findings of the study include how the implementation process developed over time and the impact of the micropractices of the “gender mainstreamers” involved. The study provides insights into the factors influencing the implementation process, and how these factors change over time. Different types and levels of conflict, together and interlinked with different ambiguities, affect the practical work where dilemmas inherent in the concepts of “gender”, “equality” and “change” become central. Overall, the study shows how the specific preconditions for implementation of gender mainstreaming make the local arenas of implementation crucial for understanding the outcomes.

Abstract [sv]

Syftet med avhandlingen är att bidra till kunskapen om implementeringen av jämlikhetsstrategier i offentliga organisationer. Detta görs genom utvecklingen av ett teoretiskt ramverk för implementeringsstudier med ett feministiskt perspektiv. För att bidra till en ökad förståelse av de resultat som nås inom jämlikhetspolitiken studeras faktorer som påverkar implementeringsprocessen. Studien är baserad på kvalitativa fallstudier och en meta-analys som möjliggör jämförelser mellan fallstudierna. Fyra olika fall av implementering av jämställdhetsintegreringsstrategin har studerats utifrån olika kontexter; i två svenska kommuner och en statlig myndighet. Avhandlingens huvudsakliga frågeställningar är: Hur implementerades jämställdhetsintegreringsstrategin? Vilka var de huvudsakliga faktorer som påverkade implementeringsprocessen och varför? Hur påverkades processen av de förändringsaktörer som arbetade med att implementera strategin? Fallstudierna har genomförts med en interaktiv forskningsansats i vilken olika dilemman i det praktiska arbetet har använts som utgångspunkt för en gemensam lärandeprocess med de som arbetat med implementeringen av strategin. Avhandlingen är en sammanläggningsavhandling och består av en introduktion och fem publicerade paper. Avhandlingens huvudsakliga resultat inkluderar hur implementeringsprocessen utvecklades över tid och den påverkan som "jämställdhetsintegrerarnas" mikropraktik haft på implementeringen. Avhandlingen visar vilka faktorer som påverkar  implementeringsprocessen samt att dessa varierar över tid. Olika slags konflikter påverkar tillsammans och sammanvävt med jämställdhetsstrategiers mångtydighet det praktiska arbetet i vilket dilemman rörande betydelsen av "kön", "jämlikhet/jämställdhet" och "förändring" blir centrala. Sammantaget visar avhandlingen hur de specifika förutsättningarna för implementering av  jämställdhetsintegreringsstrategin gör det lokala implementeringsarbetet avgörande för att förstå resultaten.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2014. 305 p.
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 607
Change agents, equality, gender, gender mainstreaming, organisation, policy implementation, Förändringsaktörer, genus, jämställdhetsintegrering, jämlikhet, implementering av politiska strategier, organisation
National Category
Gender Studies Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105207 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-105207 (DOI)978-91-7519-401-1 (print) (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-03-28, TEMCAS, TEMA-huset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (Swedish)

The articles in this Ph.D. thesis are published in full text with kind permisson from Studentlitteratur (article I, II and V), TGV (article II) and VINNOVA (article IV).

Available from: 2014-03-13 Created: 2014-03-13 Last updated: 2014-03-14Bibliographically approved

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