Snoring during pregnancy and its relation to sleepiness and pregnancy outcome - a prospective study
2014 (English)In: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, ISSN 1471-2393, Vol. 14, no 15Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: The incidence of snoring and sleepiness is known to increase during pregnancy, and this might impact maternal health and obstetric outcome. However, the association between snoring and sleepiness during pregnancy is not fully understood. This study was aimed at investigating the development of snoring during pregnancy and prospectively assessing if there is an association between snoring and sleepiness or adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preeclampsia, mode of delivery, and fetal complications. Methods: Consecutively recruited pregnant women (n = 500) received a questionnaire concerning snoring and sleep at the 1st and 3rd trimester of pregnancy. The women who had rated their frequency of snoring at both occasions (n = 340) were divided into subgroups according to the development of snoring they reported and included in the subsequent analyses. Additional medical data were collected from the medical records. Results: The frequency of snoring was 7.9% in the 1st trimester and increased to 21.2% in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy. The women who snored already in early pregnancy had significantly higher baseline BMI (p = 0.001) than the women who never snored, but snoring was not associated with the magnitude of weight gain during pregnancy. Snoring women were more likely to experience edema in late pregnancy than the non-snorers. Women who started to snore during pregnancy had higher Epworth Sleepiness Scores than the non snorers in both early and late pregnancy. No significant association between obstetric outcome and snoring was found. Conclusion: Snoring does increase during pregnancy, and this increase is associated with sleepiness, higher BMI at the start of pregnancy and higher prevalence of edema, but not with weight gain.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central , 2014. Vol. 14, no 15
Pregnancy; Snoring; Sleepiness; Epworth sleepiness score; Body mass index; Edema; Pregnancy outcome
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105253DOI: 10.1186/1471-2393-14-15ISI: 000331215600004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-105253DiVA: diva2:705028