Lexical and semantic ability in groups of children with cochlear implants, language impairment and autism spectrum disorder
2014 (English)In: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, ISSN 0165-5876, E-ISSN 1872-8464, Vol. 78, no 2, 253-263 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Lexical-semantic ability was investigated among children aged 6–9 years with cochlear implants (CI) and compared to clinical groups of children with language impairment (LI) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) as well as to age-matched children with normal hearing (NH). In addition, the influence of age at implantation on lexical-semantic ability was investigated among children with CI.
97 children divided into four groups participated, CI (n = 34), LI (n = 12), ASD (n = 12), and NH (n = 39). A battery of tests, including picture naming, receptive vocabulary and knowledge of semantic features, was used for assessment. A semantic response analysis of the erroneous responses on the picture-naming test was also performed.
The group of children with CI exhibited a naming ability comparable to that of the age-matched children with NH, and they also possessed a relevant semantic knowledge of certain words that they were unable to name correctly. Children with CI had a significantly better understanding of words compared to the children with LI and ASD, but a worse understanding than those with NH. The significant differences between groups remained after controlling for age and non-verbal cognitive ability.
The children with CI demonstrated lexical-semantic abilities comparable to age-matched children with NH, while children with LI and ASD had a more atypical lexical-semantic profile and poorer sizes of expressive and receptive vocabularies. Dissimilar causes of neurodevelopmental processes seemingly affected lexical-semantic abilities in different ways in the clinical groups.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014. Vol. 78, no 2, 253-263 p.
Children; Cochlear implants; Language impairment; Autism spectrum disorder; Lexical and semantic ability; Picture naming
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105249DOI: 10.1016/j.ijporl.2013.11.017ISI: 000330916100016PubMedID: 24332667OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-105249DiVA: diva2:705035