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Genetic diversity in local cultivars of garden pea (Pisum sativum L.) conserved on farm and in historical collections
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Norway .
Swedish University of Agriculture Science, Sweden .
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Biology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2014 (English)In: Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, ISSN 0925-9864, E-ISSN 1573-5109, Vol. 61, no 2, 413-422 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

During a national Swedish collection mission of vegetable varieties conserved on farm more than 70 pea accessions were obtained, many of which had been grown locally for more than 100 years. In spite of a likely origin in the multitude of obsolete commercial pea varieties available on the Swedish seed market in the nineteenth century, the rediscovered local cultivars have lost their original names and cultivar identity while being maintained on farm. To analyze genetic diversity in the repatriated material, 20 accessions were genotyped with twelve SSR markers and compared with 15 obsolete cultivars kept in genebanks and 13 cultivars preserved as non-viable seeds collected in 1877-1918. Most of the local cultivars were genetically distinct from each other, and in only a few cases could a possible origin in a tested obsolete cultivar be suggested. These results reflect the wide diversity of pea cultivars present in Sweden during the nineteenth century. Both between and within accession genetic diversity was larger among the historical samples of obsolete cultivars compared to local cultivars and cultivars preserved in genebanks, indicating genetic erosion over time both in genebanks and during conservation on farm. The constraints on identifying and verifying historical cultivars using genetic markers are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Verlag (Germany) , 2014. Vol. 61, no 2, 413-422 p.
Keyword [en]
Cultivar identification; Genetic differentiation; Pea; Pisum sativum L.; SSRs
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105246DOI: 10.1007/s10722-013-0046-5ISI: 000330953400010OAI: diva2:705037
Available from: 2014-03-14 Created: 2014-03-14 Last updated: 2014-10-24

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