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Dissimilarities in Social Support as  Described by Swedish- and Foreign-Born Persons Diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes and Living in Sweden
Linköping University, Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Division of Health, Activity and Care. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Nursing Science. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1588-135X
2014 (English)In: Open Journal of Nursing, ISSN 2162-5336, E-ISSN 2162-5344, Vol. 4, no 3, 211-222 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Diabetes (DM) requires self-care that is demanding and may cause stress. Social support canbuffer effects of stress. No previous study has been found comparing perceptions of foreign-bornpersons with DM, concerning the content of and need for social support with a population of origin.The aim was to compare the meaning of support and its impact on the life situation in Swedishandforeign-born persons diagnosed with type 2 DM living in Sweden. A purposive sample of 74persons; 34 foreign- and 40 Swedish-born, aged 32 - 80 years, diagnosed with type 2 DM, was included.The foreign-born persons were mostly Middle Eastern and Ex-Yugoslavian refugees. Mixedmethods were used and data were collected by qualitative interviews and quantitative data collectedby the Norbeck Social Support Questionnaire (NSSQ). Studying the figures measured byNSSQ, no significant differences were found according to gender but foreign-born men scoredlower than Swedish, especially in emotional support and aid. The main findings showed that respondents,irrespective of origin, described the meaning of the concept of support mainly as informationsupport in learning to manage DM. However, foreign-born persons also focused onmedical support with regular follow-ups while Swedes emphasized the need for emotional support.Foreign- and Swedish-born persons are in general more similar than dissimilar in describingthe meaning, need and impact of support. Irrespective of origin they want to learn to manage theirdisease and thus desire and need regular follow-up and information immediately from being diagnosed.Further studies are needed as the study is based on a limited sample.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Scientific Research Publishing, 2014. Vol. 4, no 3, 211-222 p.
Keyword [en]
Foreign-Born Persons; Individual Perceptions; Mixed Methods; Need Assessment; Social Support; Swedish Persons; Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105263DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2014.43025OAI: diva2:705079
Available from: 2014-03-14 Created: 2014-03-14 Last updated: 2014-08-11Bibliographically approved

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Hjelm, KatarinaBerterö, Carina
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