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Fonologi hos svenska förskolebarn i åldersgruppen 4–5 år: Referensdata till kortversionen av ett fonologiskt bedömningsmaterial
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Phonology of Swedish Preschool Children aged 4–5 years : Reference Data for the Short Version of a Phonological Assessment Material (English)
Abstract [sv]

Föreliggande studie syftar till att undersöka fonologisk förmåga samt samla referensdata till kortversionen av det fonologiska bedömningsmaterialet Linköpingsundersökningen (LINUS) för svenska barn i åldersgruppen 4–5 år. Totalt medverkade 70 barn, 43 flickor och 27 pojkar (medelålder 54 månader). Barnen rekryterades på förskolor i områden som låg nära det socioekonomiska medelvärdet för riket. I studien bedömdes vilka fonem och konsonantförbindelser som fanns etablerade hos barnen. Percentage Phonemes Correct (PPC) och Percentage Words Correct (PWC) beräknades och förekomst av strukturavvikelser analyserades.

Barnen delades upp i två halvårsgrupper (4;0–4;6 och 4;6–5;0). Vid jämförelse mellan de två grupperna visades att de fonem och konsonantförbindelser som etablerats var mycket lika. Det fanns statistiskt signifikanta skillnader mellan halvårsgrupperna gällande PPC och PWC, där den äldre halvårsgruppen hade en större andel korrekta fonem (p=0,02) samt ord (p=0,02). Den yngre halvårsgruppen hade en större förekomst av interdentalisering (s→θ) (p=0,03) och palatalisering av /s/ (s→ɕ) (p=0,003). Skillnaden mellan halvårsgrupperna var statistiskt signifikant. Materialet kan användas av svenska logopeder för bedömning av barns fonologi. 

Abstract [en]

The study objective was to investigate phonological ability in children aged 4–5 years and to assemble reference data for the short version of the Swedish phonological assessment material, Linköpingsundersökningen (LINUS). In total, 70 children participated in the study, 43 girls and 27 boys (average age 54 months). The children were recruited at preschools in areas that were socioeconomically close to the national average. An assessment was made of the children’s phonology using the short version of the new phonological material. Percentage Phonemes Correct (PPC) and Percentage Words Correct (PWC) were calculated and word structure deviations were analyzed.

The children were divided into two half-year groups (4;0–4;6 and 4;6–5;0). When comparing the results of the two age groups similarities regarding acquired phonemes and consonant clusters were found. Significant differences in PPC (p=0,02) and PWC (p=0,02) were found between the two half-year groups where the older group had a higher proportion of correct phonemes (94,2 %) and words (76,1 %). Interdentalization (s→θ) (p =0,03), and palatalization of /s/ (s→ɕ) (p =0,003) were more present in the younger age group and there was a significant difference between the two half-year groups. This material can be used by Speech-Language Pathologists in Sweden for phonological screening. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 32 p.
Keyword [en]
LINUS, phonology, phonological development, assessment, reference data
Keyword [sv]
LINUS, fonologi, fonologisk utveckling, bedömning, referensdata
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105452ISRN: LIU-IKE/BSLP–G--14/006--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-105452DiVA: diva2:706986
Subject / course
Bachelor thesis in Speech and Language Pathology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-04-01 Created: 2014-03-24 Last updated: 2014-04-01Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • nn-NB
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