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Fonologi hos svensktalande treåringar: Referensmaterial till LINUS kortversion
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Föreliggande studie syftade till att undersöka fonologin hos svensktalande barn mellan 3 och 4 år. I studien medverkar 69 barn, varav 33 pojkar och 36 flickor. Bedömningen genomfördes med ett nytt fonologisk bedömningsmaterial, LINUS kortversion. Testerna utfördes i områden belägna i tre kommuner i sydöstra Sverige där socioekonomisk status låg nära riksgenomsnittet. Bedömningarna spelades in, transkriberades och analyserades av två bedömare. Analysen bestod av Percentage of Word Correct (PWC), Percentage of Phonemes Correct (PPC), förekomst av assimilation, metates och epentes, förenkling av konsonantförbindelse, vokal- och konsonantsubstitution, reduplikation samt utelämning av obetonad stavelse och enskild konsonant. Vidare bedömdes vilka fonem som var etablerade hos barnen. Kriteriet för etablering av fonem sattes till > 90 % korrekt producerat fonem hos > 90 % av barnen.

Tolv av svenskans 18 konsonantfonem var etablerade hos svensktalande treåringar med typisk språkutveckling. De fonem som vållade mest svårigheter var /ɧ/, /r/, /ʈ/ och /ɕ/. Genomsnittlig PWC var 61,3 % och genomsnittlig PPC var 88,7 %.  Inga statistiskt signifikanta skillnader hittades mellan könen eller halvårsgrupperna gällande PWC och PPC. Förekomst av assimilation, metates och epentes, förenkling av konsonantförbindelse, vokal- och konsonantsubstitution, reduplikation samt utelämning av obetonad stavelse och enskild konsonant hittades. Den mest förekommande avvikelsen var substitution medan den minst förekommande var reduplikation. 

Abstract [en]

The present study aimed to examine the phonology of typically developed Swedish-speaking children between 3 and 4 years of age. Sixty-nine children; 33 boys and 36 girls were assessed with the short version of a new phonological assessment material called LINUS. The tests were conducted in areas located in three municipalities in southeastern Sweden, where socioeconomic status was close to the national average. Audio-recordings of the assessments were transcribed and analyzed by the authors. The analysis consisted of Percentage of Word Correct (PWC), Percentage of Phonemes Correct (PPC), the presence of assimilation, metathesis and epenthesis, cluster reduction, vowel and consonant substitution, reduplication and deletion of unstressed syllables or single consonants. Further identification was made of the phonemes that were established. The criterion for the establishment of phonemes was set to > 90 % correct produced phonemes in > 90 % of the children.

Twelve of the 18 Swedish consonant phonemes were established by Swedish-speaking three year olds with typical language development. The phonemes which caused most trouble were /ɧ/, /r/, /ʈ/ and /ɕ/. Average PWC was 61.3 % and average PPC was 88.7 %. No significant differences were found between gender or the two age groups regarding PWC and PPC. Presence of assimilation, metathesis and epenthesis, cluster reduction, vowel and consonant substitution, reduplication and deletion of unstressed syllables or single consonants were found. The most common deviation was found to be substitution and the least occurring deviation was reduplication. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 30 p.
Keyword [en]
Phonology, three year olds, phonological development, assessment material, reference material
Keyword [sv]
fonologi, treåringar, fonologisk utveckling, bedömningsmaterial, referensmaterial
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105527ISRN: LIU-IKE/BSLP-G--14/001--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-105527DiVA: diva2:708032
Subject / course
The Speach and Language Pathology program
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-04-01 Created: 2014-03-26 Last updated: 2014-04-01Bibliographically approved

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Lawrence, HannaHenriksson, Erika
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • de-DE
  • en-GB
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf