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Nyordsinlärning i relation till ordförråd, nonordsrepetition och prosodi hos en grupp barn i förskoleåldern med typisk språkutveckling
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Vid flertalet studier har det framkommit att ordförrådets storlek och förmågan till nonordsrepetition påvisar samband med nyordsinlärning. De prosodiska egenskapernas inverkan vid nyordsinlärning är emellertid inte lika studerad. Syftet med föreliggande studie var att undersöka hur barn mellan 4:5 och 6:0 år med typisk språkutveckling presterar på nyordsinlärning i relation till ordförråd och repetition av nonord samt att utforska vilken inverkan prosodiska egenskaper har på förmågan till nyordsinlärning. I studien deltog 15 barn vilkas resultat på nyorden, ordförrådstestningen och nonordsrepetitionen uträknades. Nyordsinlärningsuppgiften bestod av sex ord vilka sammankopplades med sex olika föremål. Nyorden matchades i par med avseende på en åtskiljande prosodisk egenskap mellan dem: antingen antal stavelser, betoning eller ordaccent. Inga signifikanta korrelationer mellan nyordsinlärning, ordförråd och nonordsrepetition kunde påvisas. Det framkom dock att korrelationen mellan ålder och nonordsrepetition var nära signifikans och indikerade att ökad ålder gav ett högre resultat på nonordsrepetitionen. Gällande de prosodiska egenskapernas relation till nyordsinlärning upptäcktes en signifikant skillnad i betoningsplacering, nyord med betoning på den finala stavelsen fick högst resultat. Barnen lärde sig också trestaviga ord i större utsträckning än tvåstaviga ord. Studien implicerar att betoning och ordlängd verkar ha viss betydelse för nyordsinlärning i kontrast till ordaccent, medan det inte kan påvisas några föreliggande korrelationer mellan nyordsinlärning, ordförråd och nonordsrepetition.

Abstract [en]

Several studies have shown that vocabulary size and nonword repetition ability correlate with novel word learning. The impact of prosodic features on novel word learning has, however, not been studied extensively. The purpose of this study was to examine how children aged 4:5–6:0 with typical language development perform on novel word learning, vocabulary and nonword repetition and to explore what impact prosodic features have on the ability to learn novel words. The study involved 15 children whose performance on the novel word learning task, vocabulary testing and nonword repetition was calculated. The novel word learning task consisted of six words which were connected to six different items. The novel words were matched in pairs differing by only one prosodic feature: either the number of syllables, stress or tonal word accent. No significant correlations between the novel word learning, vocabulary and nonword repetition were found. However, the correlation between age and nonword repetition reached near significance, which indicated that increased age gave a higher result on the nonword repetition. Regarding how the prosodic features related to the novel word learning, a significant difference between stress placements was detected. Novel words with stress on the final syllable were easier to learn. The children also achieved a higher result on the three syllable words than the two syllable words. The study implies that stress and word length seem to play a somewhat important role for novel word learning in contrast to tonal word accent, while it appears to be no relation between novel word learning, vocabulary and nonword repetition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 31 p.
Keyword [en]
Children, novel word learning, vocabulary, nonword repetition, prosodic features
Keyword [sv]
barn, nyordsinlärning, ordförråd, nonordsrepetition, prosodiska egenskaper
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105600ISRN: LIU-IKE/BSLP-G--14/008--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-105600DiVA: diva2:708646
Subject / course
The Speach and Language Pathology program
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-03-31 Created: 2014-03-28 Last updated: 2014-04-09Bibliographically approved

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Nyordsinlärning i relation till ordförråd, nonordsrepetition och prosodi hos en grupp barn i förskoleåldern med typisk språkutveckling(661 kB)216 downloads
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Department of Clinical and Experimental MedicineFaculty of Health Sciences
Medical and Health Sciences

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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  • Other style
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Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
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