Organizational factors related to low levels of sickness absence in a representative set of Swedish companies
2014 (English)In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 47, no 2, 193-205 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this qualitative study was to identify manageable organizational factors that could explain why some companies have low levels of sickness absence. There may be factors at company level that can be managed to influence levels of sickness absence, and promote health and a prosperous organization. PARTICIPANTS: 38 representative Swedish companies. METHODS: The study included a total of 204 semi-structured interviews at 38 representative Swedish companies. Qualitative thematic analysis was applied to the interviews, primarily with managers, to indicate the organizational factors that characterize companies with low levels of sickness absence. RESULTS: The factors that were found to characterize companies with low levels of sickness absence concerned strategies and procedures for managing leadership, employee development, communication, employee participation and involvement, corporate values and visions, and employee health. CONCLUSIONS: The results may be useful in finding strategies and procedures to reduce levels of sickness absence and promote health. There is research at individual level on the reasons for sickness absence. This study tries to elevate the issue to an organizational level. The findings suggest that explicit strategies for managing certain organizational factors can reduce sickness absence and help companies to develop more health-promoting strategies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IOS Press , 2014. Vol. 47, no 2, 193-205 p.
Occupational health; health promotion; organizational factors; sickness absence
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105769DOI: 10.3233/WOR-2012-1472ISI: 000332479000006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-105769DiVA: diva2:710094