liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Towards a Framework for Production Strategy in Construction
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2014 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The problem with low productivity increase in the construction industry is highlighted in many studies and in Sweden the need to improve productivity and client satisfaction in the construction industry has promoted a number of government investigations. One suggested way of improving productivity and client satisfaction is to move value adding activities offsite, to a more industrial environment. Compared to  traditional on-site production, off-site production has been said to have many advantages such as: higher productivity, lower production cost, higher quality and shorter lead times. The trade-off when increasing the degree of off-site production is the reduced product and process flexibility. The trade-off between productivity and flexibility indicates that different production systems perform well in different areas of competition.

The purpose of this research is to develop a production strategy framework for the construction industry, and more specifically for the production of multifamily residences. This framework can help construction firms to design the production system and find the right balance between productivity and flexibility. For the manufacturing industry, production strategy frameworks have been developed and shown useful when designing new or redesigning existing production systems. A corresponding framework adapted to the construction industry would be useful for construction firms when designing production systems to meet the targeted market in the most efficient way.

Production strategy theory is traditionally built around two broad groups, decision categories and competitive priorities. Decision categories are areas in which a company must make decisions that are of long term importance for the production function. In this thesis focus is on the decision category traditionally named product/process technology and more specifically on the so called process choice i.e. choosing a production system that meets the demands from the targeted market in the most efficient way. To do this a classification matrix is developed that classify production systems along two dimensions, the degree of off-site assembly in one dimension and the degree of product standardisation in the other. This way of visualising the process and product characteristic has been used before, in traditional production strategy frameworks, to facilitate the process choice.

For the classification matrix to be useful, the positions in the suggested classification matrix must be linked to the ability of different production systems to deliver manufacturing outputs. Therefor a performance measurement system is developed. In the process of developing classification matrix and the performance measurement system three research questions are addressed:

RQ1. What dimensions can be useful, from a production strategy perspective, when classifying different production systems for the production of multifamily residences?

RQ2. What manufacturing outputs/competitive priorities have to be taken into consideration when evaluating different production systems forproduction of multifamily residences?

RQ3. How should the ability of a production system to deliver manufacturing outputs be measured?

To answer the research questions an abductive approach has been used. The results from a literature review have been used to develop theoretical constructs. Case studies have then been used to empirically test the constructs. Thereafter the empirical data and information from additional literature reviews has then been used to further develop and refine the theoretical constructs. The findings of this research are thereby grounded in both theory and practise.

There are two main contributions in this thesis. The first one is the proposed classification matrix for production systems producing multifamily residences. The classification matrix can be used as a base for production strategy reasoning in the construction industry. The second contribution is the suggested performance measurement system in which KPIs for measuring quality, delivery (speed and dependability), cost (level and dependability) and flexibility (volume, mix and expansion) have been defined.

By positioning different production systems in the classification matrix and then use the defined performance measurement system, relative differences between the ability of different production systems to deliver manufacturing outputs can be exposed. The classification matrix can help companies to work with production strategy in a structured way, and to visualize the link between the market strategy and the production function of the firm in order to meet the demands from the targeted market in the most efficient way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2014. , 62 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1659
National Category
Business Administration Construction Management Building Technologies Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105993DOI: 10.3384/lic.diva-105993Local ID: LIU-TEK-LIC-2014:92ISBN: 978-91-7519-333-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-105993DiVA: diva2:712656
Presentation
2014-04-23, TP1, Hus Täppan, Campus Norrköping, Linköpings universitet, Norrköping, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-04-16 Created: 2014-04-16 Last updated: 2014-04-23Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Classification of production systems for industrialized building: a production strategy perspective
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Classification of production systems for industrialized building: a production strategy perspective
2013 (English)In: Construction Management and Economics, ISSN 0144-6193, E-ISSN 1466-433X, Vol. 32, no 1-2, 53-69 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The purpose is to develop a matrix for classifying production systems for construction with various degrees of industrialization. Previous attempts to classify industrialized production systems for construction focus on dimensions such as the design process, the product technology, or the supply chain structure, but none of them acknowledge the importance of how orders are actually won in the market and that different market segments have different requirements. Using production strategy theory as a base, a matrix is developed linking market requirements, via the product offering, to the design of the production system. The matrix positions typical production systems based on their respective degrees of product standardization and volumes relative to the degree of offsite production. Similar to production systems in manufacturing, production systems for construction also deliver manufacturing outputs at different levels, indicating that the choice of production system will affect the competitiveness of the company. The applicability of the matrix is exemplified through three case illustrations of concepts for industrialized building, and these show that the matrix can be used to analyse the production systems’ relative strengths and weaknesses. The matrix can also be used as a guide when developing new, or adjusting existing, production systems for industrialized building so that they will match market requirements and offer competitiveness.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2013
Keyword
Construction industry, Industrialized housing, Off-site production, Operational research, Production process
National Category
Business Administration Construction Management Building Technologies Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-96756 (URN)10.1080/01446193.2013.812226 (DOI)
Available from: 2013-08-26 Created: 2013-08-26 Last updated: 2017-12-13
2. A Production System Classification Matrix: Matching Product Standardization and Production System Design
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A Production System Classification Matrix: Matching Product Standardization and Production System Design
2015 (English)In: Journal of construction engineering and management, ISSN 0733-9364, E-ISSN 1943-7862, Vol. 141, no 6, 05015004Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The potential benefits of using off-site production in residential construction have been highlighted in many studies, but the full potential of off-site production approaches is not always realized. This shortfall can be explained by the mismatch between market requirements and the output offered by the production system, in other words, a mismatch between the degree of product standardization and the design of the production system. This mismatch could be resolved through a classification matrix that aids decision makers in matching market requirements and the degree of product standardization with the degree of off-site production and production system design. This paper describes the development of a classification matrix that guides the decision-making process during the designing of new or re-designing of existing production systems in residential construction. An important aspect of the development was balancing the trade-off between productivity and flexibility so that products can be produced competitively. The merits of the classification matrix are exemplified by five case companies with different approaches to industrialization and off-site production.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), 2015
Keyword
Production strategy, Construction industry, Off-site production, Residential building, Process choice, Case study
National Category
Business Administration Construction Management Building Technologies Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105990 (URN)10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000965 (DOI)000354550100004 ()
Available from: 2014-04-16 Created: 2014-04-16 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
3. Performance measurement for production systems in construction
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Performance measurement for production systems in construction
2014 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This research focuses on performance measurement in construction and on defining quantitative metrics for typical manufacturing outputs (e.g. cost, delivery, quality and flexibility performance) within a production strategy framework. The metrics can be used to evaluate how different production systems perform in different areas of competition. A literature review is used to define both what manufacturing outputs that are relevant to measure and also how to measure those manufacturing outputs. The manufacturing outputs quality, cost (level and dependability), delivery (speed and dependability) and flexibility (volume, mix and expansion) are identified as important to measure when evaluating different production systems for production of multifamily residences, and key performance indicators (KPIs) are defined for each manufacturing output. The defined KPIs are derived from the literature review but also validated empirically through case studies. The main result of this research is a performance measurement system that can be used when evaluating different production systems in the construction industry.

Keyword
Production strategy, Performance measurement, KPI, Case study, Multifamily residences
National Category
Business Administration Construction Management Building Technologies Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-105991 (URN)
Available from: 2014-04-16 Created: 2014-04-16 Last updated: 2014-04-16Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Towards a Framework for Production Strategy in Construction(1303 kB)1733 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1303 kBChecksum SHA-512
5bd0b2434318c6d07926c426f3a9076ac07fca9704eebe541948e522a1442daab498cb4df1a7f387991931e93be546690fd321b6b62f62521348159d31e75f49
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf
omslag(33 kB)36 downloads
File information
File name COVER01.pdfFile size 33 kBChecksum SHA-512
9de855c82ba0c7dd199911504250f716599ca67976c14c8a9edf032645445d97fb132802fbca32191255be1b285330e43d15caa5532045ab65387dc7bb54a4f9
Type coverMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Jonsson, Henric

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Jonsson, Henric
By organisation
Communications and Transport SystemsThe Institute of Technology
Business AdministrationConstruction ManagementBuilding TechnologiesProduction Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 1733 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

doi
isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 1482 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf