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Cognitive-Behavioral Treatments for Tinnitus: A Review of the Literature
Maastricht University, Netherlands Adelante, Netherlands .
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4753-6745
VA Connecticut Healthcare Syst, CT USA Yale School Med, CT USA .
VA Medical Centre, OR USA Oregon Health and Science University, OR 97201 USA .
2014 (English)In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN ACADEMY OF AUDIOLOGY, ISSN 1050-0545, Vol. 25, no 1, 29-61 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Tinnitus can be defined as the perception of an auditory sensation, perceivable without the presence of an external sound. Purpose: The aim of this article is to systematically review the peer-reviewed literature on treatment approaches for tinnitus based on cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) and to provide a historical overview of developments within these approaches. Research Design: Experimental studies, (randomized) trials, follow-up assessments, and reviews assessing educational, counseling, psychological, and CBT treatment approaches were identified as a result of an electronic database metasearch. Results: A total of 31 (of the initial 75 studies) were included in the review. Results confirm that CBT treatment for tinnitus management is the most evidence-based treatment option so far. Though studied protocols are diverse and are usually a combination of different treatment elements, and tinnitus diagnostics and outcome assessments vary over investigations, a common ground of therapeutic elements was established, and evidence was found to be robust enough to guide clinical practice. Conclusions: Treatment strategy might best be CBT-based, moving toward a more multidisciplinary approach. There is room for the involvement of different disciplines, using a stepped-care approach. This may provide brief and effective treatment for a larger group of tinnitus patients, and additional treatment steps can be provided for those suffering on a more severe level.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Academy of Audiology , 2014. Vol. 25, no 1, 29-61 p.
Keyword [en]
Cognitive-behavioral; multidisciplinary; review; sound therapy; tinnitus; treatment
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-106038DOI: 10.3766/jaaa.25.1.4ISI: 000332683100004OAI: diva2:712920
Available from: 2014-04-17 Created: 2014-04-17 Last updated: 2014-11-28

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Andersson, Gerhard
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