Effects of Speech on Proofreading: Can Task-Engagement Manipulations Shield Against Distraction?
2014 (English)In: Journal of experimental psychology. Applied, ISSN 1076-898X, E-ISSN 1939-2192, Vol. 20, no 1, 69-80 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This article reports 2 experiments that examine techniques to shield against the potentially disruptive effects of task-irrelevant background speech on proofreading. The participants searched for errors in texts that were either normal (i.e., written in Times New Roman font) or altered (i.e., presented either in Haettenschweiler font or in Times New Roman but masked by visual noise) in 2 sound conditions: a silent condition and a condition with background speech. Proofreading for semantic/contextual errors was impaired by speech, but only when the text was normal. This effect of speech was completely abolished when the text was written in an altered font (Experiment 1) or when it was masked by visual noise (Experiment 2). There was no functional difference between the 2 ways to alter the text with regard to the way the manipulations influenced the effects of background speech on proofreading. The results indicate that increased task demands, which lead to greater focal-task engagement, may shield against the distracting effects of background speech on proofreading.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Psychological Association , 2014. Vol. 20, no 1, 69-80 p.
proofreading; irrelevant speech; auditory distraction; task engagement
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-106029DOI: 10.1037/xap0000002ISI: 000333095500006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-106029DiVA: diva2:712932