Stereoscopic static depth perception of enclosed 3D objects
2013 (English)In: SAP '13 Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on Applied Perception, New York, USA: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2013, 15-22 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Depth perception of semi-transparent virtual objects and the visu-alization of their spatial layout are crucial in many applications, in particular medical applications. Depth cues for opaque objects have been extensively studied, but this is not the case for stereo-scopic semi-transparent objects, in particular in the case when one 3D object is enclosed within a larger exterior object.
In this work we explored different stereoscopic rendering methodsto analyze their impact on depth perception accuracy of an enclosed3D object. Two experiments were performed: the first tested the hypotheses that depth perception is dependent on the color blending of objects (opacity - alpha) for each rendering method and that one of two rendering methods used is superior. The second experiment was performed to corroborate the results of the first experiment and to test an extra hypothesis: is depth perception improved if an auxiliary object that provides a relationship between the enclosed objectand the exterior is used?
The first rendering method used is simple alpha blending with Blinn-Phong shading model, where a segmented brain (exterior object) and a synthetic tumor (enclosed object) were blended. The second rendering method also uses Blinn-Phong, but the shading was modified to preserve silhouettes and to provide an illustrative rendering. Comparing both rendering methods, the brighter regionsof the first rendering method will become more transparent in the second rendering method, thus preserving silhouette areas.
The results show that depth perception accuracy of an enclosed object rendered with a stereoscopic system is dependent on opacity for some rendering methods (simple alpha blending), but this effect is less pronounced than the dependence on object position in relation to the exterior object. The illustrative rendering method is less dependent on opacity. The different rendering methods also perform slightly differently; an illustrative rendering method was superior and the use of an auxiliary object seems to facilitate depth perception.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
New York, USA: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2013. 15-22 p.
depth perception, stereoscopy, enclosed 3D objects
Computer Vision and Robotics (Autonomous Systems)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-106896DOI: 10.1145/2492494.2492501ISBN: 978-1-4503-2262-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-106896DiVA: diva2:719327
2013 ACM Symposium on Applied Perception, SAP 2013; Dublin, Ireland, August 22 - 23, 2013