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Injury and illness definitions and data collection procedures for use in epidemiological studies in Athletics (track and field): Consensus statement
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Center for Health and Developmental Care, Center for Public Health.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6049-5402
International Association of Athletics Federations (IAAF) Medical and Anti-doping Commission, Montecarlo, Monaco; Sports Medicine Department, Aspetar, Qatar Orthopedics and Sports Medicine Hospital, Doha, Qatar.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Swedish Athletics Association, Stockholm, Sweden .
FIFA Medical Assessment and Research Centre (F-MARC), Zurich, Switzerland; Schulthess Klinik, Zurich, Switzerland; Medical School Hamburg (MSH), Germany .
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2014 (English)In: British Journal of Sports Medicine, ISSN 0306-3674, E-ISSN 1473-0480, Vol. 48, no 7, 483-490 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


Movement towards sport safety in Athletics through the introduction of preventive strategies requires consensus on definitions and methods for reporting epidemiological data in the various populations of athletes.


To define health-related incidents (injuries and illnesses) that should be recorded in epidemiological studies in Athletics, and the criteria for recording their nature, cause and severity, as well as standards for data collection and analysis procedures.


A 1-day meeting of 14 experts from eight countries representing a range of Athletics stakeholders and sport science researchers was facilitated. Definitions of injuries and illnesses, study design and data collection for epidemiological studies in Athletics were discussed during the meeting. Two members of the group produced a draft statement after this meeting, and distributed to the group members for their input. A revision was prepared, and the procedure was repeated to finalise the consensus statement.


Definitions of injuries and illnesses and categories for recording of their nature, cause and severity were provided. Essential baseline information was listed. Guidelines on the recording of exposure data during competition and training and the calculation of prevalence and incidences were given. Finally, methodological guidance for consistent recording and reporting on injury and illness in athletics was described.


This consensus statement provides definitions and methodological guidance for epidemiological studies in Athletics. Consistent use of the definitions and methodological guidance would lead to more reliable and comparable evidence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group , 2014. Vol. 48, no 7, 483-490 p.
Keyword [en]
Athletics; Epidemiology; Injury Prevention; Sporting injuries
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-106860DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2013-093241ISI: 000334280000002PubMedID: 24620036OAI: diva2:720104
Available from: 2014-05-28 Created: 2014-05-23 Last updated: 2015-08-11Bibliographically approved

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