Incorporating beta-Cyclodextrin with ZnO Nanorods: A Potentiometric Strategy for Selectivity and Detection of Dopamine
2014 (English)In: Sensors, ISSN 1424-8220, Vol. 14, no 1, 1654-1664 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We describe a chemical sensor based on a simple synthesis of zinc oxide nanorods (ZNRs) for the detection of dopamine molecules by a potentiometric approach. The polar nature of dopamine leads to a change of surface charges on the ZNR surface via metal ligand bond formation which results in a measurable electrical signal. ZNRs were grown on a gold-coated glass substrate by a low temperature aqueous chemical growth (ACG) method. Polymeric membranes incorporating beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD) and potassium tetrakis (4-chlorophenyl) borate was immobilized on the ZNR surface. The fabricated electrodes were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques. The grown ZNRs were well aligned and exhibited good crystal quality. The present sensor system displays a stable potential response for the detection of dopamine in 10(-2) mol.L-1 acetic acid/sodium acetate buffer solution at pH 5.45 within a wide concentration range of 1 x 10(-6) M-1 x 10(-1) M, with sensitivity of 49 mV/decade. The electrode shows a good response time (less than 10 s) and excellent repeatability. This finding can contribute to routine analysis in laboratories studying the neuropharmacology of catecholamines. Moreover, the metal-ligand bonds can be further exploited to detect DA receptors, and for bio-imaging applications.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI , 2014. Vol. 14, no 1, 1654-1664 p.
ZnO nanorods; dopamine; potentiometric response; selectivity; stability; repeatability
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-107470DOI: 10.3390/s140101654ISI: 000336039100087OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-107470DiVA: diva2:724275