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Diurnal salivary cortisol in relation to perceived stress at home and at work in healthy men and women
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. The Institute of Stress Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2530-4126
Mid Sweden University and County Council of Jämtland, Sweden.
Institute of Stress Medicine, Gothenburg and University of Gothenburg, Sweden .
2014 (English)In: Biological Psychology, ISSN 0301-0511, E-ISSN 1873-6246, Vol. 99, 193-197 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigated the association between diurnal salivary cortisol profile and perceived stress at work and at home. Healthy participants (N = 180, 52% women) collected saliva cortisol samples immediately after waking up, 15 min later, 30 min later, and at 9:00, 12:00, 15:00, 18:00 and 21:00. The area under the cortisol awakening curve with respect to ground (AUCgCAR) and increase (AUCiCAR), and diurnal slope between 9:00 and 21:00 were analyzed. Perceived stress at work and at home was measured with the Stress-Energy Questionnaire. Participants reporting stress at home had significantly lower AUCgCAR and a flatter diurnal slope. When performing separate analyses for men and women, this association was only significant among women. Perceived stress at work was not associated with any cortisol measure. This study highlights the importance of stress outside the workplace. The sex differences may indicate an increased vulnerability to non-work stress in women.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014. Vol. 99, 193-197 p.
Keyword [en]
HPA axis; Awakening cortisol response; Circadian rhythm; Psychosocial stress; Job stress
National Category
Clinical Medicine
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-107450DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2014.04.002ISI: 000335928700020PubMedID: 24746849OAI: diva2:724322
Available from: 2014-06-12 Created: 2014-06-12 Last updated: 2015-03-31Bibliographically approved

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Sjörs, Anna
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