A Selective Potentiometric Copper (II) Ion Sensor Based on the Functionalized ZnO Nanorods
2014 (English)In: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, ISSN 1533-4880, Vol. 14, no 9, 6723-6731 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this work, ZnO nanorods were hydrothermally grown on the gold-coated glass substrate and characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. The ZnO nanorods were functionalized by two different approaches and performance of the sensor electrode was monitored. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) was carried out for the confirmation of interaction between the ionophore molecules and ZnO nanorods. In addition to this, the surface of the electrode was characterized by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) showing the chemical and electronic state of the ionophore and ZnO nanorod components. The ionophore solution was prepared in the stabilizer, poly vinyl chloride (PVC) and additives, and then functionalized on the ZnO nanorods that have shown the Nernstian response with the slope of 31 mV/decade. However, the Cu2+ ion sensor was fabricated only by immobilizing the selective copper ion ionophore membrane without the use of PVC, plasticizers, additives and stabilizers and the sensor electrode showed a linear potentiometric response with a slope of 56.4 mV/decade within a large dynamic concentration range (from 1.0 x 10(-6) to 1.0 x 10(-1) M) of copper (II) nitrate solutions. The sensor showed excellent repeatability and reproducibility with response time of less than 10 s. The negligible response to potentially interfering metal ions such as calcium (Ca2+), magnesium (Mg2+), potassium (K+), iron (Fe3+), zinc (Zn2+), and sodium (Na+) allows this sensor to be used in biological studies. It may also be used as an indicator electrode in the potentiometric titration.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Scientific Publishers, 2014. Vol. 14, no 9, 6723-6731 p.
ZnO Nanorods; Ionophore; Cu+2 Ion; Potentiometric Sensor; Indicator Electrode
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-107436DOI: 10.1166/jnn.2014.9377ISI: 000335873900032OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-107436DiVA: diva2:724342