Development of a pH Sensor Using Nanoporous Nanostructures of NiO
2014 (English)In: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, ISSN 1533-4880, Vol. 14, no 9, 6699-6703 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Glass is the conventional material used in pH electrodes to monitor pH in various applications. However, the glass-based pH electrode has some limitations for particular applications. The glass sensor is limited in the use of in vivo biomedical, clinical or food applications because of the brittleness of glass, its large size, the difficulty in measuring small volumes and the absence of deformation (inflexibility). Nanostructure-based pH sensors are very sensitive, reliable, fast and applicable towards in vivo measurements. In this study, nanoporous NiO nanostructures are synthesized on a gold-coated glass substrate by a hydrothermal route using poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) as a stabilizer. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques were used for the morphological and crystalline studies. The grown NiO nanostructures are uniform and dense, and they possess good crystallinity. A pH sensor based on these NiO nanostructures was developed by testing the different pH values from 2-12 of phosphate buffered saline solution. The proposed pH sensor showed robust sensitivity of -43.74 +/- 0.80 mV/pH and a quick response time of less than 10 s. Moreover, the repeatability, reproducibility and stability of the presented pH sensor were also studied.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Scientific Publishers, 2014. Vol. 14, no 9, 6699-6703 p.
pH Sensor; Nickel Oxide; Nanoporous; Buffer Solution
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-107433DOI: 10.1166/jnn.2014.9373ISI: 000335873900028OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-107433DiVA: diva2:724351