The role of port cities and networks: reflections on the World Ports Climate Initiative
2014 (English)Conference paper (Other academic)
This paper explores how port cities and municipal networks can contribute to reducing the climate and environmental impacts of shipping. Specifically, the paper reflects on the process of developing the World Ports Climate Declaration during 2007-2008 and the work of the World Ports Climate Initiative (WPCI) in subsequent years.The Declaration was a voluntary undertaking, adopted by 55 of the world’s largest ports, to individually and jointly work to reduce the climate and environmental impacts of port operations, the global shipping industry and related sectors. To do so, the Declaration highlighted a number of themes. The International Association of Ports and Harbours adopted a resolution in support of the Declaration and committed to long-term work on implementation through the WPCI, with thematic working groups and support tools including biannual conferences and a dedicated website. These working groups have subsequently not just implemented measures with regard to particular topics (e.g. installed onshore power supply systems or hybrid cargo handling equipment, or adopted an index for green shipping), but also developed guidance documents and provided support to other ports attempting to begin work with such measures.The impetus for the initial Declaration came from the City of Rotterdam and their engagement in the C40 Large Cities Group. The author will reflect on the origins of the initiative and his personal involvement in development of the Declaration, in order to assess the progress made by participating WPCI ports in subsequent years. Moreover, the author will consider the questions: where did the cities go? What role can port cities and municipal networks play in further developing and expanding the scope of the WPCI or similar initiatives? How can municipalities work together to transform ports and shipping whilst avoiding first mover problems?
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Ports; cities; climate change; transnational municipal networks; governance
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-107759OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-107759DiVA: diva2:727287
Shipping in Changing Climates: provisioning the future, 18- 19 June 2014, Liverpool, UK