A high mean-HbA1c value 3-15 months after diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in childhood is related to metabolic control, macroalbuminuria, and retinopathy in early adulthood - a pilot study using two nation-wide population based quality registries
2014 (English)In: Pediatric Diabetes, ISSN 1399-543X, E-ISSN 1399-5448, Vol. 15, no 3, 229-235 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BackgroundIntensive treatment of patients with type 1 diabetes delays the onset of long-term complications. ObjectivesOn the basis of the information from two nation-wide quality registers, we investigated to which extent HbA1c values 3-15months after diagnosis in childhood are related to metabolic control, albuminuria, and retinopathy in early adulthood. MethodsIn Sweden, physicians register all children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus in the Swedish Pediatric Quality Registry. After 18yr of age, people with diabetes are followed by the Swedish National Diabetes Register. We identified 1543 children and adolescents with a mean age of 13.9yr at diagnosis and a mean duration of type 1 diabetes mellitus of 7.1yr. ResultsChildren and adolescents with poor metabolic control (mean HbA1c 70mmol/mol (8.6 %)) adjacent to diagnosis had a significantly higher mean HbA1c value years later as adults than did patients with a good metabolic control [less than50mmol/mol (6.7%) (pless than0.001)]. The patients in the high group were also less physically active and smoked more as adults. The proportion of females was higher in the poor metabolic group. Patients with a high mean HbA1c 3-15months after diagnosis had significantly more often macroalbuminuria and retinopathy in early adulthood. ConclusionsMetabolic control adjacent to the diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in childhood or adolescence can predict metabolic control in early adulthood. It is therefore very important that pediatric diabetes teams identify key factors for successful early metabolic control. Actively using quality registries may be one such factor.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley , 2014. Vol. 15, no 3, 229-235 p.
albuminuria; HbA1c quality register; retinopathy
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-107850DOI: 10.1111/pedi.12085ISI: 000335836000010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-107850DiVA: diva2:727700