Thermal comfort in young broiler chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) inferred from metabolic expenses.
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesis
The thermoneutral zone (TNZ) curve lies between the ambient temperatures (Ta) where an endothermic animal uses the least amount of energy to maintain a balance between the heat production from the animal’s own metabolism and the heat lost to the environment. If the animal is exposed to Ta’s over the upper critical temperature (UCT), which is the highest temperature that is still in the TNZ, the animals have to use energy to cool down. If they are exposed to temperatures lower than the lower critical temperature (LCT), which is the lowest temperature that is still in the TNZ, the animal have to use energy to warm up. In the present study oxygen consumption was measured at different Ta’s to determine the TNZ in two and three week old broiler chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus). Two different protocols were used and compared, a pseudorandom protocol in which chickens were exposed to seven temperatures in two hour periods for each run and a more typical progressive protocol in which Ta decreased gradually, one or two degrees per hour. The TNZ in two weeks old chickens was between 30.7 ˚C- 36.4 ˚C and between 28.8 ˚C- 32.7 ˚C in the three weeks old chickens. In chickens the TNZ shifts remarkably during the first few weeks of life towards lower temperatures as the animals acquire thermoregulatory competence. The method with a pseudorandom protocol takes more factors, like activity, into consideration than a typical progressive protocol.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 21 p.
Oxygen consumption, Thermoneutral zone, Young broiler chickens, Random ambient temperatures, msVO2.
Biological Sciences Zoology Behavioral Sciences Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-108348ISRN: LiTH-IFM- Ex—14/2876--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-108348DiVA: diva2:730633
Subject / course