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En samtalsanalytisk studie av interaktion under behandling i afasigrupp
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Afasi medför en språklig och kommunikativ begränsning för personer med afasi vid samspel med andra individer. Syftet med föreliggande studie är att undersöka interaktion mellan personer med afasi, samt mellan afasigruppsledare och deltagare i en afasigrupp under behandlingssituationer. Tre afasigrupper, med sammanlagt elva afasigruppsdeltagare och fyra afasigruppsledare deltog i föreliggande studie. Datainsamling skedde via videoupptagning samt ljudinspelning. Det insamlade materialet transkriberades och analyserades enligt samtalsanalytiska principer. Utöver videofilmning och ljudinspelning har deltagarna med afasi även testats med delar ur det neurolingvistiska testet A-ning.

Resultat från föreliggande studie visar att utförandet av behandlingsövningar är föränderligt vid gruppintervention, där både afasigruppsdeltagare samt afasigruppsledare påverkar utförandet. Enligt tidigare forskning kan interaktion under intervention vanligen vara av institutionell karaktär. Gruppintervention i föreliggande studie har dock visat sig kunna avvika från detta system. Resultaten i föreliggande studie visar även att afasigruppsledaren använder sig av ett tydligare socialt fasadarbete under intervention i jämförelse med det sociala fasadarbetet mellan två afasigruppsdeltagare. Strategier som syftar till att stärka kommunikations- och språkförmåga hos afasigruppsdeltagaren har identifierats hos både afasigruppsledare och afasigruppsdeltagare i föreliggande studie. Föreliggande studie har gjort en beskrivning av hur interaktionen kan te sig vid behandling i afasigrupp. Emellertid finns ett fortsatt behov av att studera interaktion i afasigrupper för att synliggöra strategier som kan underlätta samspelet mellan samtliga samtalsdeltagare.

Abstract [en]

Aphasia is a language and communication impairment, which affects interaction with other individuals. The purpose of the present study is to investigate and describe interaction between people with aphasia and between the leaders and the participants in an aphasia group during treatment sessions. Three aphasia treatment groups, with a combined total of eleven aphasia group participants and four aphasia group leaders participated in the present study. Data was collected through audio and video recording. The recordings were transcribed and analyzed according to principles from Conversation Analysis. In addition to the video and audio recording, the participants with aphasia were also tested with parts of the Swedish neurolinguistic test A-ning.

The results of the present study demonstrated that the execution of treatment tasks can change in interaction during group treatment sessions. Both aphasia group participants and aphasia group leaders were shown to have an influence on changing the characteristics of treatment tasks. Previous research has shown that interaction in intervention usually is institutional by nature. However, the interaction during group treatment in the present study was occasionally deviating from this system. The results of the present study also show that aphasia group leaders use face work more frequently in intervention, compared to the aphasia group participants. Strategies, which strengthen communication and language ability in persons with aphasia during interaction, are used by leaders as well as by participants in aphasia treatment groups. The present study has made a description of how interaction may appear in therapy in aphasia treatment groups. However, there is a continuous need to study interaction during aphasia treatment groups in order to identify strategies that may further facilitate interaction between all the participants in the group.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 44 + 5 bilagor p.
Keyword [en]
aphasia, Conversation Analysis, interaction in aphasia treatment group, aphasia treatment group, speech-language pathology intervention, group treatment
Keyword [sv]
afasi, samtalsanalys, interaktion i afasigrupp, afasigrupp, logopedisk intervention, gruppbehandling
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-108907ISRN: LIU-IKE/SLP-A--14/001--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-108907DiVA: diva2:733850
Subject / course
Master (one year thesis)/Speech and Language Pathology
Presentation
2014-05-26, Linköping, 09:00 (Swedish)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-08-07 Created: 2014-07-11 Last updated: 2014-08-07Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • nn-NB
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