The Lithuanian labor market under the impact of crisis: the formation of the new austeriat
2014 (English)In: The contraditions of austerity: the socio-economic costs of the neoliberal Baltic model / [ed] Jeffrey Sommers and Charles Woolfson, London and New York: Routledge, 2014, 87-117 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
The great economic recession was experienced with particular severity in the Baltic states. In response, Baltic governments introduced harsh austerity programmes known as ‘internal devaluation.’ The article argues that austerity measures combined with the effects of previous massive EU financial transfers have accelerated the fragmentation of the labour market into a differentially advantaged primary (largely public) sector, and an increasingly ‘informalized’ secondary (largely low-skill manufacturing and services) sector. Taking Lithuania as an example, it is argued that the production of a segmented labour market has acted as a major stimulus to high levels of emigration from Lithuania, shaping anticipatory educational choices and preferences, despite signs of economic recovery. This sustained outflow of migrants appears counterintuitive to the expected outcomes of simple “push” and “pull” explanations. In the absence of state policy to address a gathering sociodemographic crisis that is the specific but largely unacknowledged legacy of radical austerity measures, this chapter examines the constitutive dynamics of the latest wave of emigration from Lithuania.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London and New York: Routledge, 2014. 87-117 p.
, Routledge studies in the European economy, 30
Austerity, labour market segmentation, Lithuania, migration
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-108998ISBN: 978-0-415-82003-5OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-108998DiVA: diva2:735070