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Comparison of high-dose-rate Ir-192 source strength measurements using equipment with traceability to different standards
Linköping University, Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV). Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Radiological Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Center for Surgery, Orthopaedics and Cancer Treatment, Department of Radiation Physics. Swedish Radiation Safety Authority, Stockholm, Sweden.
Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, Österås, Norway.
Swedish Radiation Safety Authority, Stockholm, Sweden.
Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, Österås, Norway.
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2014 (English)In: Brachytherapy, ISSN 1538-4721, E-ISSN 1873-1449, Vol. 13, no 4, 420-423 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE:

According to the American Association of Physicists in Medicine Task Group No. 43 (TG-43) formalism used for dose calculation in brachytherapy treatment planning systems, the absolute level of absorbed dose is determined through coupling with the measurable quantity air-kerma strength or the numerically equal reference air-kerma rate (RAKR). Traceability to established standards is important for accurate dosimetry in laying the ground for reliable comparisons of results and safety in adoption of new treatment protocols. The purpose of this work was to compare the source strength for a high-dose rate (HDR) (192)Ir source as measured using equipment traceable to different standard laboratories in Europe and the United States.

METHODS AND MATERIALS:

Source strength was determined for one HDR (192)Ir source using four independent systems, all with traceability to different primary or interim standards in the United States and Europe.

RESULTS:

The measured HDR (192)Ir source strengths varied by 0.8% and differed on average from the vendor value by 0.3%. Measurements with the well chambers were 0.5% ± 0.1% higher than the vendor-provided source strength. Measurements with the Farmer chamber were 0.7% lower than the average well chamber results and 0.2% lower than the vendor-provided source strength. All of these results were less than the reported source calibration uncertainties (k=2) of each measurement system.

CONCLUSIONS:

In view of the uncertainties in ion chamber calibration factors, the maximum difference in source strength found in this study is small and confirms the consistency between calibration standards in use for HDR (192)Ir brachytherapy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014. Vol. 13, no 4, 420-423 p.
Keyword [en]
Ir-192 HDR; Source strength determination; Calibration; Traceability
National Category
Clinical Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-109245DOI: 10.1016/j.brachy.2014.01.002ISI: 000338175500016PubMedID: 24530343OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-109245DiVA: diva2:737165
Available from: 2014-08-12 Created: 2014-08-11 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Carlsson Tedgren, Åsa

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Center for Medical Image Science and Visualization (CMIV)Division of Radiological SciencesFaculty of Health SciencesDepartment of Radiation Physics
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