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Lightweight, highly compressible, noncrystalline cellulose capsules
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Mechanics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1503-8293
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Swede; Innventia AB, Stockholm Sweden .
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden .
2014 (English)In: Langmuir, ISSN 0743-7463, E-ISSN 1520-5827, Vol. 30, no 26, 7635-7644 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We demonstrate how to prepare extraordinarily deformable, gas-filled, spherical capsules from nonmodified cellulose. These capsules have a low nominal density, ranging from 7.6 to 14.2 kg/m(3), and can be deformed elastically to 70% deformation at 50% relative humidity. No compressive strain-at-break could be detected for these dry cellulose capsules, since they did not rupture even when compressed into a disk with pockets of highly compressed air. A quantitative constitutive model for the large deformation compression of these capsules is derived, including their high-frequency mechanical response and their low-frequency force relaxation, where the latter is governed by the gas barrier properties of the dry capsule. Mechanical testing corroborated these models with good accuracy. Force relaxation measurements at a constant compression rendered an estimate for the gas permeability of air through the capsule wall, calculated to 0.4 mL mu m/m(2) days kPa at 50% relative humidity. These properties taken together open up a large application area for the capsules, and they could most likely be used for applications in compressible, lightweight materials and also constitute excellent model materials for adsorption and adhesion studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014. Vol. 30, no 26, 7635-7644 p.
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-109222DOI: 10.1021/la501118bISI: 000338806500003PubMedID: 24870000OAI: diva2:737201
Available from: 2014-08-12 Created: 2014-08-11 Last updated: 2016-05-04Bibliographically approved

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