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Return to play following muscle injuries in professional footballers
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. (Football Research Group)
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. (Football Research Group)
2014 (English)In: Journal of Sports Sciences, ISSN 0264-0414, E-ISSN 1466-447X, Vol. 32, no 13, 1229-1236 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This prospective cohort study described return-to-play (RTP) data for different types of muscle injuries in male elite-level football players in Europe. Eighty-nine European professional teams were followed between 2001 and 2013. Team medical staff recorded individual player exposure and time-loss injuries. A total of 17,371 injuries occurred, including 5603 (32%) muscle injuries. From 2007, we received results from 386 magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations, and radiological grading was performed. A negative MRI was associated with shorter recovery time (6 +/- 7 days). Lay-off days were correlated with MRI grading of thigh muscle injuries (P less than 0.001). Among hamstring injuries, 83% occurred to the biceps femoris, 12% affected the semimembranosus and 5% the semitendinosus. Recurrence rate was higher among biceps femoris injuries (18%) compared with semitendinosus and semimembranosus injuries (2% together). Groin muscle injuries caused shorter median absence (9 days) than hamstring (13 days; P less than 0.001), quadriceps (12 days; P less than 0.001) and calf muscle (13 days; P less than 0.001) injuries. Overall, we found that MRI was valuable for prognosticating RTP, with radiological grading associated with lay-off times after injury. Re-injuries were common in biceps femoris injuries but rare in semitendinosus and semimembranosus injuries.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor and Francis: SSH Journals , 2014. Vol. 32, no 13, 1229-1236 p.
Keyword [en]
hamstring; thigh muscle injury; MRI; imaging; re-injury
National Category
Basic Medicine
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-110291DOI: 10.1080/02640414.2014.905695ISI: 000340107900005PubMedID: 24784885OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-110291DiVA: diva2:744017
Available from: 2014-09-05 Created: 2014-09-05 Last updated: 2017-12-05

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Ekstrand, Jan

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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