Characteristics associated with anxiety, depressive symptoms, and quality-of-life in a large cohort of implantable cardioverter defibrillator recipients
2014 (English)In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, ISSN 0022-3999, E-ISSN 1879-1360, Vol. 77, no 2, 122-127 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Although most patients with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) adjust well, some have considerable psychological distress. Factors associated with psychological adjustment in ICD-recipients are still not well understood. Our purpose was to describe quality-of-life (QoL) and prevalence of self-reported symptoms of anxiety and depression in a large national cohort of ICD-recipients, and to determine socio-demographic, clinical, and ICD-related factors associated with these variables.
A cross-sectional, correlational design was used. All eligible adult ICD-recipients in the Swedish ICD- and Pacemaker Registry were invited to participate. Symptoms of anxiety and depression were measured using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and QoL with the EuroQol-5D.
A total of 3067 ICD-recipients (66 ± 11 years, 80% male) were included. The mean HADS score was 3.84 ± 3.70 for anxiety symptoms and 2.99 ± 3.01 for symptoms of depression. The mean EQ-5D index score was 0.82 ± 0.21. The probability of symptoms of anxiety and depression was associated with younger age, living alone, and a previous history of myocardial infarction or heart failure. Additionally, female ICD-recipients had a higher probability of symptoms of anxiety. A higher level of ICD-related concerns was most prominently related to symptoms of anxiety, depressive symptoms and poorer QoL, while number of shocks, ICD-indication and time since implantation were not independently related.
In this large cohort of ICD-recipients, the association of ICD-related concerns with symptoms of anxiety, depressive symptoms, and poor QoL suggests that ICD specific factors should be addressed in order to improve outcomes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014. Vol. 77, no 2, 122-127 p.
Anxiety; Depression; Implantable cardioverter defibrillator; Patient outcomes; Psychological distress; Quality-of-life
Clinical Medicine Sociology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-110282DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2014.05.007ISI: 000340012300007PubMedID: 25077853OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-110282DiVA: diva2:744037
Funding Agencies|National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Nursing Research [K23 NR013480]2014-09-052014-09-052014-10-07Bibliographically approved