Automatic Inspection of Spot Welds by Thermography
2014 (English)In: Journal of nondestructive evaluation, ISSN 0195-9298, E-ISSN 1573-4862, Vol. 33, no 3, 398-406 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The interest for thermography as a method for spot weld inspection has increased during the last years since it is a full-field method suitable for automatic inspection. Thermography systems can be developed in different ways, with different physical setups, excitation sources, and image analysis algorithms. In this paper we suggest a single-sided setup of a thermography system using a flash lamp as excitation source. The analysis algorithm aims to find the spatial region in the acquired images corresponding to the successfully welded area, i.e., the nugget size. Experiments show that the system is able to detect spot welds, measure the nugget diameter, and based on the information also separate a spot weld from a stick weld. The system is capable to inspect more than four spot welds per minute, and has potential for an automatic non-destructive system for spot weld inspection. The development opportunities are significant, since the algorithm used in the initial analysis is rather simplified. Moreover, further evaluation of alternative excitation sources can potentially improve the performance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2014. Vol. 33, no 3, 398-406 p.
Spot welds; Inspection; Non-destructive testing; Thermography
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-110472DOI: 10.1007/s10921-014-0233-0ISI: 000340594600010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-110472DiVA: diva2:746978
Funding Agencies|Vinnova (the FFI program)2014-09-152014-09-122015-09-22Bibliographically approved