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Relationship of depressive symptoms with hospitalization and death in Japanese patients with heart failure
University of Tokyo, Japan; The Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Tokyo, Japan.
University of Tokyo, Japan.
University of Tokyo, Japan.
University of Tokyo, Japan.
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2009 (English)In: Journal of Cardiac Failure, ISSN 1071-9164, E-ISSN 1532-8414, Vol. 15, no 10, 912-919 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


Depressive symptoms are risk factors for poor outcomes and are positively associated with disease severity in patients with heart failure (HF). However, little is known about this association in the Japanese population. Therefore, we evaluated the prevalence of depressive symptoms and whether depressive symptoms predicted hospitalization for HF and death independent of disease severity and other factors in HF patients.


A 2-year prospective cohort study was conducted on 115 outpatients with HF (73.9% males; mean age 64.7 years) in Tokyo. Of these, 27 patients (23.5%) were classified as having depressive symptoms (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale score >or=16). Patients with depressive symptoms had higher rates of 2-year cardiac death or HF hospitalization (34.0% vs. 10.3%; P < .01), HF hospitalization (27.4% vs. 9.2%; P = .01), and all-cause death (27.4% vs. 7.2%; P < .01). Multivariate Cox regression analyses indicated that depressive symptoms were predictors of cardiac death or HF hospitalization (hazard ratio [HR], 3.29; P = .02), HF hospitalization (HR, 3.36; P = .04), and all-cause death (HR, 5.52; P = .01), independent of age and brain natriuretic peptide.


Depressive symptoms were common and independent predictors of poor outcomes in Japanese patients with HF.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2009. Vol. 15, no 10, 912-919 p.
Keyword [en]
Depression; morbidity; mortality; prognosis
National Category
Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-111212DOI: 10.1016/j.cardfail.2009.06.442PubMedID: 19944369ScopusID: 2-s2.0-70450246984OAI: diva2:754635
Available from: 2014-10-10 Created: 2014-10-10 Last updated: 2014-10-21Bibliographically approved

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Kato, Naoko
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