Atypical femoral fractures, bisphosphonates, and mechanical stress
2014 (English)In: Current osteoporosis reports, ISSN 1544-1873 (Print), 1544-2241 (online), Vol. 12, no 2, 189-193 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Atypical fractures are stress fractures occurring in the femoral shaft and closely related to bisphosphonate use. We here discuss their radiographic definition and different putative etiologies, apart from mechanical stress. Long time reduction of skeletal remodeling because of bisphosphonate use is thought to allow time for the bone to deteriorate mechanically, resulting in reduced toughness. However, the risk of atypical fracture diminishes rapidly after cessation of treatment, which suggests more acute effects of bisphosphonate use. Microdamage normally accumulates at areas of high stress. Possibly, ongoing bisphosphonate use reduces the ability to resorb and replace areas of microdamage by targeted remodeling. This could lead to crack propagation beyond a point of no return, ending in macroscopic stress fracture.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2014. Vol. 12, no 2, 189-193 p.
Atypical femoral fractures, Bisphosphonates, Bone remodeling, Osteoporosis, Bone fragility
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-111392DOI: 10.1007/s11914-014-0200-9ISI: 000347283600007PubMedID: 24615358OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-111392DiVA: diva2:756099