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Estimations of energy efficiency management potential in small and medium sized firms
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Energy Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Energy Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2014 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Energy management; information and knowledge gained by continuous work and attention to energy use can help discover inefficiencies, malfunctioning equipment and assess the performance and operation. This paper investigates how small and medium sized firms and energy auditors estimate energy efficiency potentials from energy management measures by studying the firms that have participated in the Swedish energy audit program. The largest potential for energy efficiency improvements in the energy audit reports is found in generic technologies and support processes, i.e. cross cutting technologies mainly in ventilation, space heating and lighting. Out of the suggested measures investments in new technology accounts for 48% of the estimated potential, and adjustments of existing technology for 27%. Behavioural changes in the energy audit reports accounts for a vanishingly small percentage of total suggested energy efficiency measures in the energy audit reports. Firms participating in the study estimate a higher potential for energy efficiency from behavioural changes than the energy auditors, as high as a quarter of the total potential. Implementation rates of suggested measures from the energy audit program rates are higher in the behavioural category. Despite this, the study shows that energy management practices at the firms are lacking. Energy auditors argue that energy management has low priority in firms because firm’s main focus on core business.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112268OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-112268DiVA: diva2:764701
Available from: 2014-11-20 Created: 2014-11-20 Last updated: 2015-01-30Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Efficient improvement of energy efficiency in small and medium- sized Swedish firms
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Efficient improvement of energy efficiency in small and medium- sized Swedish firms
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This is a dissertation about efficient implementation of energy efficiency measures in small and medium-sized Swedish firms. The aim is to investigate the potential for economically efficient implementation of energy efficiency improvement measures in small and medium-sized firms. The thesis contains five papers that analyse different aspects that have been put forth in policy documents and academic debate as  methods to improve energy efficiency in non-energy intensive sectors.

By reading policy documents, interviewing representatives of small and medium- sized firms and energy auditors as well as analysing data from the Swedish energy audit program, different aspects of energy management practices, energy services and energy audits are considered. The thesis is the product of an interdisciplinary context but economic theory is at the foundation of the analysis and has helped formulate questions and hypotheses that have been tested and explored with the data.

The results show that while the potential for improving energy efficiency in the small and medium- sized sector in Sweden is large there are challenges to realizing it in each individual firm. There is potential for improving energy efficiency in the sector and not just for investments in new technology but also for adjusting existing machinery and changing behaviour, but costs for investigating the potential and implementing the measures are large relative to the improvement potential in each company. Energy management practices in this sector are lacking and energy services will only be demanded if reduction in production cost is estimated larger than transaction costs of the service. The Swedish energy audit program has led to the implementation of energy efficiency improvements in the participating firms but compared to other policy instruments it has been a less cost-efficient way to improve energy efficiency in Sweden.

Abstract [sv]

Detta är en avhandling om effektiv implementering av energieffektiviseringsåtgärder i svenska små och medelstora företag. Syftet är att undersöka och diskutera potentialen för att på ett ekonomiskt effektivt sätt öka implementering av energieffektiva åtgärder i svenska företag. Avhandlingen består av fem papper som analyserar olika aspekter som framförts som möjliga tillvägagångssätt för att öka graden av energieffektivitet i icke-energiintensiva sektorer.

Genom att studera styrmedelsdokument, intervjua representanter för små medelstora företag och energikartläggare samt att studera data från det svenska energikartläggningsstödet har potentialen för energiledning, energitjänster och energikartläggningar undersökts. Avhandlingen är en produkt av en tvärvetenskaplig kontext men med en ekonomisk teoretisk tyngdpunkt som hjälpt formulera frågeställningar och hypoteser.

Resultaten visar att trots att det finns en stor potential för att öka graden av energieffektivitet i svenska små och medelstora företag så är det svårt att komma åt den i enskillda företag. Det finns energieffektiviserings potentialer både i nya investeringar och i energiledningsåtgärder, som att justera teknik och ändra beteenden, men kostnaderna för att undersöka dessa potentialer och implementera åtgärder är stora relativt kostnadsbesparingarna i varje enskilt företag. Energiledningsrutiner brister i sektorn och energitjänster kommer enbart att efterfrågas om kostnadsminskningarna bedöms större än transaktionskostnader förknippade med tjänsten. Det svenska energikartläggningsstödet har lett till ökad implementering av energieffektiva åtgärder men kostnaderna är högre jämfört med andra styrmedel för att öka energieffektivitet i Sverige.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2014. 59 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Dissertations, ISSN 0345-7524 ; 1634
Keyword
Energy efficiency potential, small and medium- sized firms, energy management, energy audits, energy services, Energieffektiviseringspotential, små och medelstora företag, energiledning, energikartläggningar, energitjänster
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112269 (URN)978-91-7519-179-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-12-12, ACAS, A-huset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-11-20 Created: 2014-11-20 Last updated: 2015-01-30Bibliographically approved

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Backlund, SandraThollander, Patrik

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