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Halftoning for Multi-Channel Printing: Algorithm Development, Implementation and Verification
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Media and Information Technology. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7305-956X
2014 (English)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A seemingly straightforward way to enhance the quality of printed images is to increase the number of colorants, beyond the four traditionally used, in multi-channel printing. Potential improvements to reproduced images include: increased colour accuracy, enhanced colour smoothness and reduced image graininess. Nevertheless, numerous challenges exist, one of them being the implementation of halftoning algorithms, which transform the original image into a binary one that is reproducible by the printing system. This thesis concerns the development, implementation and verification of halftoning algorithms suitable for an increased number of colorants in multi-channel printing.

The first focus in this thesis is on the implementation of an amplitude modulated (AM) halftoning method for seven-channel printing utilizing CMYKRGB colorants. The proposed AM halftoning method utilizes non-orthogonal halftone screens instead of orthogonal ones (dots), thus enabling a wider angle range for the channels that makes possible to accommodate multi-channel impressions. The performance of the non-orthogonal halftoning method was evaluated by computational simulation of channel misregistration for 1600 different scenarios and assessment of printed orthogonal and non-orthogonal patches. The simulated and printed results demonstrate that the proposed halftoning method utilizing non-orthogonal screens shows no visible moiré and produces smaller colour shifts in case of misregistration when compared to orthogonal halftoning.

However, the layer thickness of the combined colorants is not controlled by the aforementioned multi-channel AM halftoning approach. Therefore, the second focus in this thesis concerns the adjustment and implementation of a multilevel halftoning algorithm for achromatic and chromatic inks. In this algorithm, a channel is processed so that it can be printed using multiple inks of same hue value, achieving a single ink layer. Here, the thresholds for ink separation and dot gain compensation pose an interesting challenge. Since dot gain originates from the interaction between a specific ink and specific paper, compensating the original image for multilevel halftoning means expressing the dot gain of multiple inks in terms of the nominal coverage of a single ink. The applicability of the proposed multilevel halftoning workflow is demonstrated using multiple inks while avoiding dot-on-dot placement and accounting for dot gain. The results also show that the multilevel halftoned image is visually improved in terms of graininess and detailenhancement when compared to a bi-level halftoned image.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2014. , 114 p.
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1694
National Category
Media and Communication Technology Computer and Information Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112271DOI: 10.3384/lic.diva-112271ISBN: 978-91-7519-174-4 (print)OAI: diva2:764726
2014-12-16, K3, Kåkenhus, Campus Norrköping, Linköpings universitet, Norrköping, 10:00 (English)
Available from: 2014-11-20 Created: 2014-11-20 Last updated: 2016-08-31Bibliographically approved

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Žitinski Elías, Paula
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