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Towards a sustainable socio-technical system of biogas for transport: the case of the city of Linköping in Sweden
Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Technology and Social Change. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Linköping University, Biogas Research Center.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. Linköping University, Biogas Research Center.
2015 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, Vol. 98, 17-28 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this article, the development of biogas for transport in the municipality of Linköping, Sweden, is studied in order to contribute to a better understanding of the conditions for socio-technical transitions towards sustainability. Linköping municipality, 1976 [kommunfullmäktige] Motion om utredning angående eldrivna fordon. Dnr 1976.278. Using concepts from multi-level perspectives and socio-technical perspectives on system builders, the study focuses on three time periods: During the first time period (1976–1994), a niche for biogas developed amongst dedicated actors in small networks representing energy and public transport within the municipality. That is, biogas was entirely connected to the vision of a ‘green’ public transport. Second, between the years of 1994 and 2001, the biogas producing company acted as a system builder and initiated a large-scale biogas production through close cooperation in networks with other actors. As a result, biogas reached a phase of technological maturity and also gained some support from national investment programs. Finally, from 2001 the expansion of biogas became clearer as the biogas production spread into a regional arena but also reached for new customers, like personal cars. Unforeseen spin-offs like the formation of new private companies and development of research were important results of the transition. Thereby, the transition is a move towards a new socio-technical regime. A conclusion from the study is that the development of biogas was highly influenced by national support and pressure, but was mainly driven by local actors – system builders – that could steer the processes and had endurance as well as capability to mobilize resources in order to fulfill their purposes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2015. Vol. 98, 17-28 p.
Keyword [en]
Socio-technical system; Biogas; System builder; Socio-technical transitions; Multi-level perspectives; Industrial ecology
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112374DOI: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2014.05.089ISI: 000356194300003OAI: diva2:765708
Biogas Research Center
Available from: 2014-11-24 Created: 2014-11-24 Last updated: 2015-09-21

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Fallde, MagdalenaEklund, Mats
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Technology and Social ChangeFaculty of Arts and SciencesBiogas Research CenterEnvironmental Technology and ManagementThe Institute of Technology
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