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Vad underlättar respektive hindrar fysisk aktivitet hos personer med långvariga smärtor?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Facilitators and Barriers to Physical Activity among People with Long-term Pain : A Qualitative Study (English)
Abstract [sv]

Titel: Vad underlättar respektive hindrar fysisk aktivitet hos personer med långvariga smärtor? – En kvalitativ intervjustudie.

Författare: Malin Carlsson & Johanna Strömbom, Sjukgymnastprogrammet, Institutionen för Medicin och Hälsa (IMH), Linköpings universitet

Handledare: Britt Larsson, Docent i yrkesmedicin, Lektor i klinisk smärtforskning, Institutionen för Medicin och Hälsa (IMH), Linköpings universitet.

SAMMANFATTNING

Bakgrund: Träning har visats ge positiva effekter på långvarig smärta, dock rapporteras dålig följsamhet hos personer med långvarig smärta. Tidigare forskning har påvisat ett flertal underlättande och hindrande faktorer till träning hos personer med långvarig smärtproblematik men betonar vikten av vidare forskning med en bredare ansats till fysisk aktivitet.

Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att identifiera faktorer och förhållanden som verkar underlättande respektive hindrande för fysisk aktivitet som behandling mot långvarig benign smärta.

Metod: En kvalitativ studie med semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med tio deltagare rekryterade via en smärtklinik i södra Sverige. Insamlad data analyserades utifrån en kvalitativ innehållsanalys.

Resultat: Underlättande faktorer uppgavs vara individuellt anpassad, varierad och glädjefylld träning, samt stöd, gemenskap, smärtlindring, motivation, framsteg, viljan att förbättra hälsan, tillgänglighet samt kunskap. Smärta, tidsaspekter, brist på ork, svårigheter att komma igång, inte behov av träning, brist på tillgänglighet och kunskap, även pinsamhet, lathet, rädsla och motivationsbrist rapporterades vara hindrande.

Konklusion: De faktorer som framkommit i resultaten styrker tidigare forskning. Denna studie presenterade ytterligare nya faktorer såsom svårigheter att komma igång samt att behov för träning inte fanns. Framtida forskning bör applicera framlagda faktorer vid utformning av behandling för patienter med smärta.

Nyckelord: följsamhet, smärta, fysisk aktivitet, kvalitativ forskning.

Abstract [en]

Title: FacilitatorsandBarriers toPhysical ActivityamongPeople with Long-term Pain-A Qualitative Study.

Authors: Malin Carlsson & Johanna Strömbom, Physiotherapy Programme, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Sweden.

Tutor: Britt Larsson, Docent of Occupational Medicine, Lector of Clinical Pain Research, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Sweden.

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Exercise has been shown to have positive effects on long-term pain. There is, however, reported poor adherence in people with long-term pain. Previous research has demonstrated a number of facilitating and inhibiting factors to exercise for people with long-term pain but lay emphasis on the importance of further research with a broader approach to physical activity.Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify facilitating factors and barriers to physical activity as a treatment for long-term pain.Method: A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews was conducted with ten participants recruited through the Pain -and Rehabilitation Center in Linköping. Collected data was analysed based on a qualitative content analysis.Results: Facilitating factors were reported to be individually tailored, varied and enjoyable training, also support, fellowship, pain relief, motivation, progress, the desire to improve health, availability and knowledge. Pain, timing, lack of energy, difficulty initiating exercise, not having a need to exercise, lack of availability and knowledge, and furthermore embarrassment, laziness, fear, and lack of motivation were reported as being inhibitive.Conclusion: Factors that appeared in the results confirm previous research, this study presented additional factors such as difficulties initiating exercise and not having a need to exercise. Future research should apply presented factors in the design of treatment for patients with pain.Keywords: adherence, pain, physical activity, qualitative research.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 36 p.
Keyword [sv]
följsamhet, smärta, fysisk aktivitet, kvalitativ forskning
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-109012ISRN: LIU-IMH-KAN-G--14/004-SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-109012DiVA: diva2:767030
Subject / course
Degree Project in Physiotherapy
Examiners
Available from: 2014-12-18 Created: 2014-07-26 Last updated: 2014-12-18Bibliographically approved

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