Investigation of the phototoxic effect of ZnO nanorods on fibroblasts and melanoma human cells
2014 (English)In: Laser Physics Letters, ISSN 1612-2011, EISSN 1612-202X, Vol. 11, no 11, 1-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Photocytotoxic effects of as-grown and zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods coated with 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) have been studied on human cells, i.e. melanoma and foreskin fibroblast, under dark and ultraviolet light exposures. Zinc oxide nanorods have been grown on the very sharp tip (diameter = 700 nm) of borosilicate glass pipettes and then were coated by the photosensitizer for targeted investigations inside human cells. The coated glass pipette’s tip with photosensitizer has been inserted inside the cells with the help of a micro-manipulator and irradiated through ultraviolet light (UVA), which reduces the membrane potential of the mitochondria leading to cell death. Cell viability loss has been detected by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) reduction assay when exposed to the dissolved ZnO nanorods and the production of the reactive oxygen species (ROS) has been detected along with the enhanced cytotoxic effect under UVA irradiation. Additionally, the influence of the lipid soluble antioxidant vitamin E and water-soluble N-acetyl-cysteine toward the enhancement or reduction of the toxicity has been investigated. A comparative analysis of the toxic nature of ZnO nanorods has been drawn between normal human fibroblast and melanoma cells, which can be favorable for understanding the clinical setting for killing tumor cells.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Physics Publishing (IOPP), 2014. Vol. 11, no 11, 1-8 p.
zinc oxide, photodynamic therapy, 5-aminolevulinic acid, protoporphyrin IX, reactive oxygen species
Basic Medicine Physical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112544DOI: 10.1088/1612-2011/11/11/115606ISI: 000345221100016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-112544DiVA: diva2:767432