Behaviour problems and cortisol levels in very-low-birth-weight children
2014 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 68, no 8, 626-632 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background. There are still diverging results concerning the behaviour of children with very-low-birth-weight (VLBW) and they have been questioned to display different levels of stress hormone than normal-birth-weight (NBW) children. Aims. This study examined behaviour and the stress hormone cortisol in children with VLBW at the ages of 7 and 9 years compared with children with NBW. Results. Fifty-one VLBW and 50 NBW children were studied with the Child Behavior Checklist. Cortisol rhythm was measured through saliva samples three times a day for 2 days. VLBW children displayed more behavioural problems than NBW children, specifically social and attention problems, although still within normal ranges. They showed lower cortisol levels both at 7 and 9 years of age. No strong association between behaviour and cortisol levels was shown. Conclusion. VLBW children display more behaviour problems compared with NBW children but both groups score are within the normal range. Down-regulation of their hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) function in terms of lower cortisol levels is also noted.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare , 2014. Vol. 68, no 8, 626-632 p.
Behaviour problems; Follow-up study; Stress hormone; Very-low-birth-weight
Clinical Medicine Educational Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-112627DOI: 10.3109/08039488.2014.907341ISI: 000343980600015PubMedID: 24802123OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-112627DiVA: diva2:769445